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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Thomas Nigl (2015): Ship recycling - Analysis of Development Methods and Data of Inventories of Hazardous Materials.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Abfallwirtschaft (ABF-BOKU), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 98. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
In the last decades, ship recycling has caused serious problems, such as environmental pollution, work-related casualties and health complications. These problems are mainly caused by inappropriate conditions for ship recycling on South Asian beaches. The International Maritime Organization and the European Union aim to solve and control these problems by implementing and enforcing international regulations (e.g. Hong Kong Convention, EU Ship Recycling Regulation). According to these regulations, all ships (above 500 gross tons) have to be equipped with an inventory of hazardous materials (IHM), in order to provide specific information on the amount and location of hazardous materials (HazMats) on-board of the ships and thus prevent the negative effects and consequences of ship recycling. The goal of this thesis was to analyze hitherto developed IHMs and to evaluate and critically discuss the methodology of IHM development. For this, thorough statistical data analyses and several stakeholder interviews have been conducted. Additionally, statistical benchmarks for the relative amounts of the individual hazardous materials are presented. It was found that methodological divergences in the IHM development for new-built ships and existing ships lead to considerable differences in the amounts of HazMats found on-board of ships. Statistical modelling revealed that the individual HazMat expert compiling the IHM and the age of the respective ship are the most influential factors concerning the amount of HazMats found on-board of existing ships; however, the influence factors concerning new-built ships are less definite. The findings of the study underpin the necessity of clear definitions and documentation for IHM development. Additionally, the acquisition of further common knowledge of the individual hazardous materials, the development of international standards and an effective control mechanism for material declarations in the supply chain are desirable.

Beurteilende(r): Salhofer Stefan Petrus

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