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Gewählte Doctoral Thesis:

Wilson Sostern Kaumbata (2019): Economic importance of goats and scaling up strategies of community-based breeding programmes for smallholder farmers in Malawi and Uganda.
Doctoral Thesis - Institut für Nutztierwissenschaften (NUWI), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 90. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Community-based breeding programmes (CBBPs) have emerged as a viable option to implement livestock breeding in smallholder systems. CBBPs are frequent with keepers of indigenous small ruminants in rural areas in developing countries. The aims of the study were: 1) to determine socio-economic contributions of indigenous goats to smallholders’ livelihoods in Malawi where goat CBBPs are being implemented and 2) to explore and document scaling up and sustainability strategies for small ruminant CBBPs in smallholder systems. A flock and household (137 households) monitoring study was conducted to achieve the first objective and for the second objective, strategies were developed based on lessons drawn from scaling up process of goat CBBPs in Malawi and Uganda, and a review of multidisciplinary scaled-up pro-poor initiatives implemented in developing countries. Results showed that indigenous goat enterprises in smallholder farms are profitable and economically viable. The mean annual gross margin per flock was MK83,800 (€1 = MK830.00) and the average return on capital invested was 24.6%. Inclusion of intangible benefits of goats increased the net profit and the return on capital by 60.3%, reflecting the importance of socio-economic roles of goats in strengthening economic stability of smallholders’ households. Scaling up and sustainability strategies for CBBPs are discussed in the following topics: capacity of resource teams and user organizations, attributes of the technology/model, model awareness and demand, market-based strategies and product value chain, financing strategy, enabling environment and monitoring and evaluation. A systemic approach is recommended when applying and refining the strategies in practice. The long-term goal for the scaling up programme should be creation of a financially sustainable system in which smallholders are able, on their own, to transact and sustain operations of their local breeding institutions using internally generated revenues.

Betreuer: Wurzinger Maria
1. Berater: Sölkner Johann
2. Berater: Meszaros Gabor

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