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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Peter Stelzer (2023): Analyse des sachgerechten Umgangs mit Lithium-Ionen-Batterien in der kommunalen Abfallwirtschaft in Österreich.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Abfall- und Kreislaufwirtschaft (ABF-BOKU), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 98. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
In recent years, there has been a significant increase in electronic devices with lithiumion batteries (LIB). These are considered so-called device batteries, which are used in tablets or children's toys, for example. They are a frequently unnoticed problem substance and have hazard-relevant properties, such as fire and explosion hazards. The proper disposal of LIBs is therefore essential, as otherwise safety risks arise due to mechanical damage, for example. The aim of proper disposal is to collect LIB separately from other waste and to protect it from external impact. According to a study by Nigl, up to 30% of LIBs are currently disposed of improperly due to a lack of awareness among the general public, thus causing avoidable damage. For these reasons, LIBs are increasingly coming into focus in waste management. Interviews with experts from waste management associations (AWV) conducted for the master thesis as well as a literature research have shown that the greatest risk is caused by misdirected waste. Separate collection, storage and transport reduce the risk considerably, also for temporary storage places at AWV. Possible solutions to reduce the number of misthrows can be found in awareness raising, a safe product design and a deposit system for old LIB. Awareness raising should be carried out with the involvement of the AWV on a target group-specific basis at the federal and district level. The product design should be such that the LIBs are easily recognizable by consumers and can be removed manually. LIBs that are built into electrical (old) appliances and are therefore difficult to detect represent a potential hazard with a residual risk for the AWV. In order to be able to further minimize risks, improved sorting technology is also necessary, for example. In conclusion, it can be said that the top priority must be improved collection of LIBs, both to reduce the risk potential and to protect the environment.

Beurteilende*r: Salhofer Stefan Petrus
1.Mitwirkender: Part Florian

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