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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Andreas Werner Schuh (2012): Schadstoffeintrag aus Elektrokleingeräten und Gerätealtbatterien in den Restmüll in Österreich.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Abfallwirtschaft (ABF-BOKU), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 81. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Although the mandatory separate collection of Waste Electrical and Electronical Equipment and used batteries, still a significant mass of these two fractions end up in the residual waste. The proportion of small WEEE in the residual waste of Austria varies from state to state between 0.60 % and 0.80 %. In the case of portable batteries the proportion is between 0.04 % and 0.12 %. Despite of these low percentages the mass of small WEEE, which is wrongly disposed, is between 8,400 t and 11,200 t, the mass of used batteries is 560 t to 1,680 t. Based on a sensitivity analysis small WEEE and used batteries are responsible for the load of 4.6 t to 30.9 t lead, 0.1 t to 7.3 t mercury and 2.4 t to 30.1 t cadmium in the residual waste of Austria per year. Despite of the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive these are significant amounts that challenge the waste management in terms of collection and treatment of small WEEE and used batteries, as well as the treatment and disposal of residual waste, even more. The revision of the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive simplifies the standardisation for collection and treatment in Europe by reducting the categories from ten to six. However, higher collection rates, closer interim periods, as well as more clearly definitions in terms of the reference mass would be desirable, because WEEE and portable batteries that are not properly collected constitute a loss of resources, as well as a potential hazard to human health and environment. Many European countries with a well-developed infrastructure achieve the goal of the valid Directive of four kg/inhabitant per year - particularly with large appliances - easily. Furthermore the envisaged collection rate of 65% in the three previous years - on average – of EEE-products which were placed on the market would be far easier to control than the alternative of 85% of the arising WEEE mass in the respective countries.

Beurteilende(r): Salhofer Stefan Petrus

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