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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Gelaye Kidia Kessiee (2013): Strategies for the Sustainable Management of Frankincense (Boswellia papyrifera) in the lowland of Armachiho District in Amhara regional state, Ethiopia.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Waldbau (WALDBAU), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 62. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Boswelia papyrifera is growing on shallow soils and steep slopes in the mountains of the Armachiho District in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. A study was conducted to identify the main causes of deforestation of B. papyrifera in that region and select the best management strategy. B. papyrifera has been deforested at an alarming rate in this region. This is mainly due to the limited ownership rights of the community and the inefficient use of frankincense as a natural resource. This research assessed the ecological and socio-economic role of B. papyrifera for the communities in the lowland of the Armachiho district. Standardized interviews based on questionnairs were conducted with the community members. A multiple criteria analysis workshop with stakeholders helped to evaluate different management strategies. The results showed that although B. papyrifera has a high social value the communities are restricted to harvest incense. 99% of the responding community members can not gain any economical benefit. In the present study, improper tapping techniques, uncontrolled harvesting, uses of timber for furniture and house construction, insects and pests as well as the missing property rights were identified as the main causes of B. papyrifera deforestation. The multiple criteria analysis revealed that, increasing the ownership right of the community was selected as most important factor for a sustainable management. Additionally the consideration of ecological criteria, harvesting experiences, contribution to the national income, increasing the productivity and maintaining the tree health were identified as relevant criteria. From the six alternative management strategies developed the option "farmers with collaboration" was scored highest and selected as the best strategy for a sustainable use of B. papyrifera.

Beurteilende(r): Vacik Harald

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