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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Ines Haider (2016): Einstellungen zum Luchs am Beispiel der JägerInnen und BewohnerInnen Oberösterreichs.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Landschaftsentwicklung, Erholungs- und Naturschutzplanung (ILEN), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 108. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is the only European big cat and the third largest native predator after bear and wolf. Since the end of the 19th century the lynx has largely been eradicated in Europe. For its resettlement the public acceptance is important. This study is concerned with acceptance and attitudes towards lynx. Therefore an online questionnaire has been sent out to people from Upper Austria, that federal state of Austria with the highest lynx population and especially to the hunters who have been identified as potential opponents of the lynx after extensive literature review. The survey shows that more than 20% of the hunters and more than 16% of the comparison group do not or do absolutely not accept lynx. The respondents knew that hardly any humans get harmed by lynx in Austria. Also, the hunters overestimated the population size. The hunters rather supported the shooting of lynx if they were afraid to go into the woods because of the big cat. Those respondents with less fear rather supported the resettlement of lynx and had a higher level of acceptance. Moreover, the respondents rather supported the resettlement if they had self-assessed their knowledge about lynx higher. The acceptance of lynx decreased as age increased. Hunters are more critical towards lynx and will rather not accept them. Younger people and people with mutualism value orientation have a more positive attitude than people with domination value orientation. Respondents with higher NEP-level rather had a mutualism value orientation and a more positive attitude. Hunters did not have a more comprehensive knowledge about lynx and did not assess its way of life more accurately. Commitment to hunting did not have any influence on value orientation or attitude. For measures to increase the acceptance of lynx, comprehensive public relations work and formation of opinion is needed. Attitudes correlate with fear and knowledge about lynx; therefore awareness-raising measures are necessary.

Beurteilende(r): Arnberger Arne

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