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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Sandra Schwödt (2016): Einfluss des Vertriebsweges auf das Aufkommen von Obst- und Gemüseabfällen beim Konsumenten.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Abfallwirtschaft (ABF-BOKU), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 70. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
This paper investigates the influence of the train of distribution and accordingly the point of sale. The focus is on fruit and vegetable waste in households, which are going to be analyzed within three different consumer groups. The first are participants, who buy their fruits and vegetables at the supermarket, the second group are customers from the organic farm, who get their demand within a fruit and vegetable box scheme on a weekly basis, the third buy the majority of their fruit and vegetable demand at the farmers market. For this purpose diet-diary-queries were evaluated. Additional an Online-Survey was generated. The diaries' results revealed significant differences between the different customer groups. While customers who order the fruit and vegetable box only threw away 5,4% of their boxes content, supermarket participants discarded 11,6 % of the fruit and vegetables they bought and surprisingly customers, who preferably bought at the farmers market discarded 18%. Some of the causes for the large amounts of wasted fruits and vegetables are connected to the distribution type. For instance too large sales units or accordingly big discounts for large quantities (carrots, potatoes, peppers). Other causes are unanticipated purchases or certain fruits and vegetables, which are more likely to be discarded eg. because of their size. Although the relative fruit and vegetable loss was significantly different between the custumer groups there were no differences found concerning the reasons of discarding. Incorrect storage appeared to be a very important issue concerning fruit waste in households. Although most of the fruit types benefit from refrigerator temperature the majority of participants stored them at room temperature. Reasonable measures for households to reduce their fruit and vegetable waste is understanding the importance of planning before the purchase and more information about appropriate storage and preservation of fruits and vegetables.

Beurteilende(r): Salhofer Stefan Petrus
1.Mitwirkender: Obersteiner Gudrun

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