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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Tobias Mayr (2018): Anbau von Körnerleguminosen als Speiseware im oberösterreichischen Alpenvorland unter Bedingungen der biologischen Landwirtschaft.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Ökologischer Landbau (IFÖL), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 75. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Agriculture accounts globally for approximately one fifth of all produced greenhouse gases. The production of animal products is particularly resource intensive. Grain legumes contain like animal products a big share of protein and can therefore be a perfect contribution to a resource saving and healthy diet. In this experiment six food grain legumes (two beans, two lentils, one dry pea and blue lupin) were tested for their growing fitness in the alpine foothills of Upper Austria at the research station Lambach/Stadl-Paura of the Institute of Organic Farming and Farm Animal Biodiversity of the HBLFA Raumberg-Gumpenstein. Concerning the two cultivation systems broadcast and row sowing no significant differences in any of the traits was found. Germination rate was highest in lentils (Berglinse 72 %, Alblinse 78 %) and beans (Rotholzer 78 %, Black Turtle 82 %) which also resulted in the biggest leaf area indices. Weed abundance was highest with pea and lupin. The root nodule abundance was lowest among the beans. The very dry and hot June was determining earnings in the trial year 2017. The crops developed very fast but also threw off many of their flowers and pods. Yield was highest with the beans (Bl. T. 1,628 kg ha-1, Roth. 1,028 kg ha-1), followed by pea (766 kg ha-1) and lentils (Bergl. 537 kg ha-1, Albl. 457 kg ha-1). The lupin did not yield because of incompatibility to lime in the soil. However, contents of protein and fat were highest in the lupin grains. Mineral salts were most abundant in the Black Turtle. Contribution margins for food grain legumes are highly dependent on the manufacturer’s prices that can be obtained. Using a price of 1.90 € kg-1 like assumed for a producer organisation, very high contribution margins are possible (highest: Bl. T. with 2,300 € ha-1). The experiment showed that it is possible to grow food grain legumes in the humid area of the alpine foothills and that their cultivation might indeed provide an interesting option for farmers.

Beurteilende(r): Friedel Jürgen Kurt
1.Mitwirkender: Gollner Gabriele

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