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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Michael Huber (2011): Akzeptanz und Partizipation der Bevölkerung im geplanten Biosphärenpark Lungau.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Landschaftsentwicklung, Erholungs- und Naturschutzplanung (ILEN), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp XI, 177, [19] S.. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
In the 21st century, acceptance and participation of local residents are increasingly important in the planning of nature reserves. Especially the high population density in Central Europe poses a particular challenge to the designation of new protected areas. This study addresses the perceptions of local residents in the projected Lungau Biosphere Reserve in Austria, their intentions to participate in the planning process and determines which factors influence their willingness to participate. For this purpose, qualitative interviews with local experts (n=6) and a fully standardized survey (n=460) were conducted in Lungau. The results show that local residents were mostly in favor of the Biosphere Reserve (76% approval rate). In general they hoped for positive effects on tourism, as well as regional and economical development through a Biosphere Reserve. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (AJZEN, 1991) as a base model, several participation models were devised in order to identify the main factors influencing participation. About 40% of the study's participants declared their willingness to partake in the planning of the projected Biosphere Reserve. Results of the participation models indicate that active participation depends on a wide range of different factors. It is necessary to distinguish between different levels of participation, especially between active and passive participation. Personal communication skills, personal commitment and a strong belief in one's abilities to take part in a process were identified as the main influence factors. It was also shown that the concept of Place Attachment has considerable influence on the decision to participate and the acceptance of the projected biosphere reserve. A strong place identity promotes active participation, whereas strong social bonding inhibits active participation. Based on the results specific recommendations for improving local acceptance and optimizing citizen participation were developed.

Beurteilende(r): Arnberger Arne

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