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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Christoph Koller (2014): Umsetzung abfallwirtschaftlicher Strategien in China und der Europäischen Union.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Abfallwirtschaft (ABF-BOKU), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 95. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
The thesis “Implementation of Waste Management Strategies in China and the European Union” discusses the framework conditions, developments and implementation strategies of the Chinese and European waste management. The results are mainly based on a comprehensive review of relevant scientific literature and the analysis of statistical data. The comparison of the waste management situation in China and Europe reveals significant differences, mainly concerning the development phases. China is presented with the fundamental problem of inadequate treatment capacities (treatment rate 35-50%) for the constantly increasing amount of municipal waste. Similar ratios do not exist within the EU. A large proportion of China’s waste treatment is still based on the landfilling of waste, whereas in Europe, a similar dimension of these techniques are by now only used in Greece, Malta and some of the Eastern European Member States. Capacities for thermal waste management are mainly enlarged in China’s densely populated areas. Within the EU particularly the EU-15 Member States have a high level of incineration of waste (more that 50%). Due to the lack of reliable data, the proportion of recycled content of municipal waste in China remains largely unknown. Despite large differences between the Member States, the proportion of recycled content in Europe lies at about 25%. In China, steps are being taken to formalize the management of e-waste by, inter alia, funded pilot projects for the collection and recycling of such waste. However, the informal waste sector (as well as in the municipal waste management), also plays a significant role. Due to different conditions and circumstances, the specific rules and strategies are not implemented consistently within the EU. Accordingly, there are significant differences in the achievement of the European waste management targets. The implementation and/or achievement of the strategies and requirements in China are difficult to assess, as they are often formulated non-bindingly. Concluding it must be noted, however, that there are positive development regarding the modernisation of waste management structures and the compliance with environmental regulations in China, as well as in Europe.

Beurteilende(r): Salhofer Stefan Petrus

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