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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Astrid Schröder (2014): DAYBREAK IN SALT LAKE VALLEY Sustainable Urban Development against Sprawl in the United States of America.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Landschaftsplanung (ILAP), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 173. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
The former American planning concepts led to urban sprawl, which is characterized by low population density, huge land consumption, car-dependency, monotonous single-family houses, separation of use and insufficient public transportation. Furthermore, cities with sprawl characteristics do not provide lively centers and are not pedestrian friendly. To avoid these negative impacts some cities in the U.S. changed their planning strategies and implemented sustainable city development projects. One of them is Daybreak, a district of South Jordan, located in Salt Lake Valley in Utah State. The research compared the planning strategies of Daybreak with a typical sprawling district called Glenmoor. The results show that Daybreak offers eight different housing types, including apartment buildings and perimeter block development, which lead to a higher population density. Denser areas provide parks, recreation areas and leisure facilities within walking distance. Due to mixed-use and short ways Daybreak supports bike and pedestrian circulation. Nevertheless, there are also some negative results concerning public transportation because the whole area provides only two light rail stops and insufficient bus lines. Glenmoor, on the other hand, includes mostly single-family houses, has neither dense areas nor local supply of necessary goods or services, supports car-dependency, has no public transport system, and its biggest open green space is a golf course. Although the public transport system in Daybreak could be improved, it is a planned community, which clearly offers new city development strategies against urban sprawl.

Beurteilende(r): Schneider Gerda

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