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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Michaela Theresia Grubhofer (2014): Stufen der Intensivierung in der Grünlandwirtschaft - Ein Vergleich zwischen Österreich und Neuseeland mit besonderem Bezug auf die Milchwirtschaft, den Pflanzenbestand und die neuseeländische Südinsel.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Abteilung Pflanzenbau, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 132. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
This master’s thesis deals with a comparison of the grassland- and dairy industry of Austria (AT) and New Zealand (NZ). Both countries have undergone an intensification of their agricultural systems, which is investigated in too. Most of the information is based on a literature review and on interviews. Two AT and two NZ case study farms were used to get a better insight into the grassland management and to take a closer look onto the farm level and their plant compositions. The actual situation, the structural change of the agriculture and the grassland management of both countries are illustrated and potential prospective developments discussed. The whole information is then used to word learning potentials for Austria´s grassland management. NZ dairy pastures are less species-rich than the AT dairy grasslands and highly dominated by perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Because of the strong intensification the farmers have to deal with a drop in persistence of perennial ryegrass and a reduced content of white clover (Trifolium repens). In AT the major challenge is the conservation of the cultural landscape and its grassland by avoiding further grassland conversions. The strong increase of nutrient inputs on NZ dairy farms leads to a decreased water quality. Now efforts are made to counteract by limiting outputs (e.g. nitrate leaching). The free market economy tends to lead to negative external effects without strict regulating rules. In AT these effects get minimized by the CAP and national standards in conjunction with subventions. The utilisation of grassland by grazing in an appropriate and consequent manner is very efficient and should get used more in AT too. NZ cattle breeding offers incitations for AT. Additional it could be beneficial for AT to use agricultural machinery more cooperatively. Thinking in input- and output-balances is seminal, whole system perspectives can be used to make really meaningful statements about efficiency & economics.

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