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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Madeline Eichner (2020): Analyse der physischen Beanspruchung und Gestaltungserfordernisse für Menschen mit Behinderung in der kleinstrukturierten Tomaten- und Gurkenproduktion.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Landtechnik, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 177. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Despite political measures, people with disabilities (PWD) are still affected by unemployment in Austria. A political goal is therefore to include PWD sustainably in working life and to let them participate in society. The manual activities of small-scale vegetable growing offer potential employment opportunities for PWD. However, these include hard, physically demanding tasks which, if ergonomics is neglected, can lead to long-term health risks and damage. Comprehensive information on the specific job requirements including the physical work load are currently lacking to select sustainbale jobs based on the skills of PWD. As part of this master thesis, the physical requirements of a total of 22 work processes in tomato and cucumber production were investigated. The surveys were carried out on two vegetable farms in Austria, which differed greatly in terms of cultivation methods and acreage. For job evaluation a mix of methods was applied, consisting of working time studies (REFA), requirement analyzes and profile comparisons (IMBA) as well as risk assessments for the musculoskeletal system (EAWS). The results showed that repetitive activities such as harvesting and regular maintenance measures were particularly suitable. At the same time, these represented the greatest work potential in relation to a production season for PWD. There were biomechanical risks in 13 work processes, which had to be eliminated acute to medium-term. These were mainly due to the strain on the trunk due to unfavorable postures and manual load handling. Ergonomic improvements included design measures on a technical, organizational and personal level. The requirement analyzes showed criteria for the socially sustainable inclusion of PWD in vegetable growing, which will have to be created for future crops and working methods.

Beurteilende(r): Quendler Elisabeth

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