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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Michael Unger (2018): Klimaänderung im Seewinkel, Burgenland: Potential tropischer und subtropischer Nutzpflanzen in der heimischen Landwirtschaft.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Abteilung Pflanzenbau, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 134. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
In the coming years, the issue of climate change will gain in importance in Austria, especially agriculture will need some adaption measures. One of these measures is to cultivate warm-weather and drought-resistant crops. Particulary in the east of Austria, which is the main region of crop production, most of the farmers are reliant of irrigation due to increasing droughts. Hence, the cultivation of drought-resistant, tropical and subtropical crops might be a promising alternative to traditional crops in the austrian agriculture. The aim of this master thesis is to analyse meteorological data in the period of 1987 to 2016 for the Seewinkel, Burgenland and to show possible changes within this period. For this reason, climate data of two weather stations - Neusiedl am See and Andau - were evaluated and possible trends illustrated in charts. The climate parameters included air temperature, precipitation, wind, humidity, as well as related parameters. In addition, relevant parameters of climate change scenarios for agriculture have been evaluated and illustrated in graphics. Furthermore, selected tropical and subtropical crops with hypothetical potential for cultivation in Seewinkel shall be introduced, and local climate and soil conditions compared to global main production regions of these crops. The analyses showed that especially air temperature changed a lot during the past 30 years. Furthermore, there are already some similarities between Seewinkel and the main production regions of the introduced crops. Due to climate change a further assimilation in climate conditions can be expected. Thus the Seewinkel already fulfills the requirements for a successful cultivation of most of the selected crops for domestic agriculture. Particulary sweet potato, musk melon, chickpea, amaranth, millet and rice have already been cultivated successfully in Burgenland, and first attempts of cultivating okra and kiwano showed promising results. Currently, the crops globe artichocke, cape gooseberry, sesame and groundnut only show small areas in Austria, but they hold great potential for first attempts of cultivation in Seewinkel.

Beurteilende(r): Bodner Gernot
1.Mitwirkender: Soja Gerhard

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