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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Agnes Anschober (2019): Einfluss der Sorte, des Saatzeitpunktes und der Saatstärke auf Kornertrag und Wachstumsverlauf bei Kichererbse.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Abteilung Pflanzenbau, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 103. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Climate Change poses substantial risks to future food availability, as many crops are only partially resistant to changing weather conditions. Cultivars that are well adapted to climate change impacts are thus needed. Chickpea (Cicer aerietinum), as a dry tolerant culture, is promising due to its drought resistance. The present study conducts a field trial to test chickpeas as an alternative legume under Pannonian climatic conditions in Lower Austria. The field trial took place in Groß Enzersdorf at the research field of the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna in cooperation with the Bio Forschung Austria Essling – Vienna, in the growing year of 2017. Climatic conditions in 2017 were perfect for the trial as the year started chilly and progressed to hotter und drier conditions with less precipitation. In total, 2 different chickpea types (Kabuli and Desi) and 18 different chickpea cultivars were tested for their suitability in regard to yield, ground cover, pest infection, development and yield components. One cultivar of the type Kabuli achieved the highest yield with 1,579 kg/ha. On the other hand, one cultivar of the Type Kabuli had the lowest yield with 798 kg/ha. Additionally, a side experiment should determine the optimum sowing rate. The optimum sowing rate was 40 germinable grains per square meter, reaching a yield of 1,292 kg/ha for the type Kabuli and a yield of 1,101 kg/ha for Desi. A further side experiment was done at the Bio Forschung Austria in Essling with the main aim to determine the optimal sowing time for the year 2017. The first sowing date (23.03.2017: Desi type and 13.04.2017: Kabuli type) performed best with 1,390 kg/ha for Desi and 1,535 kg/ha for Kabuli. The study thus gives a strong indication that chickpea (Kabuli and Desi) could indeed function as a climate change resistant crop in Lower Austria. Further and multi-year research is needed to draw final conclusion on the stability of chickpea in Austria.

Beurteilende(r): Liebhard Peter

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