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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Christoph Zirngast (2021): Ökonomische Auswirkungen des EU-Emissionshandels auf die Elektrizitätswirtschaft.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Verfahrens- und Energietechnik (IVET), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 97. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
The emissions trading system of the European Union has been in force since 2005 and has ensured that the operators of fossil fuel power plants are burdened with additional costs per ton of CO2 emitted. The EU-ETS is divided into phases lasting several years and in 2021 it will enter the fourth phase (2021-2030). In addition to the already agreed set of rules for the fourth phase, there will be further reforms in the next few years because as part of the Green Deal the climate targets for 2030 will be increased significantly. Based on a literature search, it was therefore examined how the certificate price can develop in the next phase on the basis of resolved or planned reforms. Three price scenarios were then created from the research results, which were used as input data for the simulations. With the help of the ATLANTIS simulation model, simulations were then carried out in order to find out which effects the certificate price could have on the electricity sector in Europe in the next phase. It was examined whether the variation in the certificate price lead to different results for the energy produced, the CO2 emissions, the carbon intensity and the import / export balance. The simulation results show that as the certificate price rises, there is a significant decrease in electricity production from coal. The results also show that gas will play a very important role in the next phase, as it will become more competitive with rising CO2 prices and thus gas will be used more often instead of coal to generate electricity. In addition, the gradual phase-out of coal by the Federal Republic of Germany was implemented in the simulation model. It was examined what effects the gradual phase-out of coal in combination with a variation in the certificate price can have. It was shown that the coal phase-out will lead to major changes within Germany, but that only minimal effects are observable across all the countries examined.

Beurteilende*r:
1.Mitwirkender: Pröll Tobias

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