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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Francesco Gubert (2008): Structural Adjustment in Agriculture and Landscape Change. Three Case Study Communities in Trentino´s Mountain Areas (Italian Alps).
Master / Diploma Thesis, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 170. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Agriculture has been the major driver of recent land use and landscape changes in the European Alps. In particular, the switch from a subsistence economy to a market-oriented agriculture has changed human pressure on natural resources from diffuse and well-distributed to discontinuous and localized, thus causing contrasting trends at the landscape level. The Province of Trento (Italian Alps) has not been preserved from these developments. The present degree thesis addresses recent structural changes in Trentino’s agriculture and its impacts on traditional cultural landscapes. The analysis focuses on three case study communities which represent the three major directions of agricultural change in Trentino’s mountain areas, namely specialisation in intensive dairy farming (Lomaso), agricultural decline (Terragnolo), and dynamic economic integration of livestock farming with the tourism industry (Transacqua). A diachronic landscape analysis over the period 1954-2006 is performed following a repeated aerial photograph interpretation approach with the help of GIS-technology. The spatial and temporal patterns of land use and landscape structure change in the three communities are extensively examined and compared. Additionally, forest re-growth on formerly cultivated land is quantified and its natural and spatial drivers investigated. Results show that Trentino’s cultural landscapes are changing in a direction and with a rate which can be considered unsustainable. Agricultural land desertion and natural forest expansion represent the major threats. However, agricultural systems based on small farm scales and economic synergies with tourism are more effective in maintaining traditional cultural landscapes and limiting forest re-growth than intensive or marginalised agricultural systems.

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