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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Martin Weder (2009): Selektion auf niedrige Ölgehalte bei Sojabohnen (Glycine max (L.) Merrill).
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Pflanzenbau und Pflanzenzüchtung (IPP), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 35. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) is one of the most important sources for human and livestock. Soybean is composed of 40 % protein, 20 % oil and 30 % carbohydrates.This diploma work was carried at the institute of Agronomy and Plant breeding at the University of Agriculture Sciences Vienna. The aim of the work is to identifying a soybean genotype with a lower level of oil content. A cultivar with an oil content below 10 % would be needed in many applications, like soybean food. 36 lines include three soybean cultivars were grown in lattice design with two replication trails at the research institute of the University in Groß Enzersdorf from 2004 to 2008. Soybean seed was analyzed for oil and protein content. Oil and protein were measured by near-infrared- reflectance- spectroscopy (NIRS). Seed oil content was highly significant negatively correlated with protein (r= -0,87**). The range in low oil content was 10,5 % up to 15,5 % dry seed. The absolutely lowest oil content was measured by the genotype GH30X-18 (10,2 %) followed by the variety AC Proteus (10,5 %). A selection for low oil content in soybeans is quite possible. Some of the analyzed genotypes show an interesting potential for following low oil breeding investigations.

BetreuerIn: Vollmann Johann

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