University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU) - Research portal

Logo BOKU Resarch Portal

Gewählte Doctoral Thesis:

Isolde Prommer (2010): Small-scale Farming and HIV/AIDS in Northern Namibia.
Doctoral Thesis - Studienabteilung, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 285. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
This thesis describes small-scale farming in Northern Namibia and estimates the impacts of HIV/AIDS on these small-scale farmers. The aim of this study is to quantify the impacts on farm households that can serve as basis for potential policy interventions for mitigating those impacts. The first part of the thesis describes the results of Farm Economic Household Surveys provided by the Namibian Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development. These datasets include detailed information on household demographics, area cultivated, crop inventory and productivity, livestock inventory, labor supplied for field activities by gender and age, and household income and expenditures for five administrative regions of Northern Namibia. The second part analyzes the impacts of HIV/AIDS on agricultural production systems. It is the first time that household demographics data are combined with agricultural data to model the impacts of HIV/AIDS on small-scale farmers. The study uses household level data and regression analysis to estimate the effects of adult mortality and health-related reduced labor supply on farm output. Four storylines and a set of sub-scenarios are defined to estimate the impacts of HIV/AIDS. The storylines are composed of HIV-related illness and AIDS-related deaths of household members by gender and migration status in combination with average household education and age change assumptions. For the worst case scenario, losses of livestock and off-farm income were also applied. The simulations highlight that gender matters: the deaths of different household members affect farm inputs and outputs to different extents. It seems, by looking at the different household types that people are able to find ways to adapt and mitigate to a certain extent. Striking results are the strong correlations of positive outcomes of yields and incomes of sales of agricultural products with education and livestock assets. It seems that comprehensive HIV/AIDS policy should also look at these factors.

Betreuer: Gretzmacher Ralph

© BOKU Wien Imprint