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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Michael Aumann (2014): Sustainable Energy for All: Lessons from Ghana.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Verfahrens- und Energietechnik (IVET), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 110. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
The Sustainable Energy for All initiative has three objectives to be reached by 2030: (a) universal access to modern energy services, (b) doubling the global rate of improvements in energy efficiency and (c) doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. In 2011, 1.3 billion people in the world are still without access to electricity and 2.6 billion people rely on traditional biomass for cooking. Almost half of the people without electricity access live in sub-Saharan Africa. This imposes the question how to manage a complex ‘energy trilemma’ involving the sometimes competing demands of energy security, climate change mitigation and energy poverty. After presenting the background on the UN development agenda, the thesis reviews the development of Ghana, which was the first country to set up a Sustainable Energy for All action plan. From 1990 to 2013, electricity access rate rose remarkably from 31 to 75 percent. The research analyzes the achievements concerning socio-economic and environmental sustainability and the nexus between electricity access, economic growth and human development. The results of the research suggest a high correlation between these factors. In addition, the underlying key success factors and challenges are presented, before a possible scenario for the future development of the Ghanaian energy sector is discussed. The thesis concludes that Ghana was able to improve the overall socio-economic situation in the country, but needs to reemphasize and increase its efforts towards the Sustainable Energy for All initiative to keep the positive growth trend for the socio-economic development and to cope with the expected future demand for energy in a sustainable way.

Beurteilende(r): Pfeifer Christoph

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