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Domestikation und Weiterentwicklung von Baobab und Tamarinde, Work Package: Ethnobotanik & Ökologischer Landbau

Projektleitung
Vogl Christian R., Projektleiter/in
Laufzeit:
01.12.2006-31.12.2010
Programm:
INCO - International co-operation activities (FP6)
EU-Projektinstrument
Spec. Target. o Inn. Project (STREP)
Art der Forschung
Angewandte Forschung
Projektpartner
Bomarts Farms Limited, Dobro, Ghana.
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Forest Resources Program; Institute of Rural Economy; Sikasso, Mali, Sikasso, Mali.
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Regional Centre for Studies on the Improvement of Plant Adaptation to Drought, Thiès, Senegal.
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
University of Abomey-Calavi, Laboratory of Applied Ecology, Cotonou, Benin, Benin.
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
University of Ghent, Laboratory of Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture and Ethnobotany, Ghent, Belgien.
Funktion des Projektpartners: Koordinator
University of Southampton, Centre for Underutilised Crops; Environmental Sciences; School of Civil Engineering, Southampton, Vereinigtes Königreich.
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner

Weitere Informationen: http://www.dadobat.soton.ac.uk/default.aspx

Mitarbeiter/innen
Hartl Anna, Projektmitarbeiter/in
Vogl-Lukasser Brigitte, Projektmitarbeiter/in
Van Der Stege Christine, Projektmitarbeiter/in (bis 31.03.2017)
Havinga Reinout Marius, Projektmitarbeiter/in (bis 25.03.2009)
Putscher Johanna, Projektmitarbeiter/in (bis 31.08.2010)
Beteiligte BOKU-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Ökologischen Landbau
Gefördert durch
Europäische Kommission / European Commission, Rue de la Loi, Brussels, Europäische Union
Abstract
Both baobab and tamarind are plant species with high potential for arid and semi-arid areas in the developing world: they can provide food, medicine, wood and a number of secondary processed products for income generation that can help to meet basic needs of an increasing number of people in a context of decreasing land availability.

The project aims at developing sustainable production systems of baobab and tamarind in four West-African countries based on characterisation, conservation and use of local genetic resources. This is expected to have a positive impact on food security and income generation in the countries included in the project.

Issues of new crop/niche development are addressed through a holistic research approach and multidisciplinary research activities.

The strategic overall objectives of the project that will be addressed are: evaluation and characterisation of germplasm collected in different ecological zones in Benin, Ghana, Mali and Senegal; eco-physiological characterisation of field and greenhouse-grown material; domestication of superior germplasm material; development of adapted cropping techniques; development of adapted plant material for introduction into (traditional and improved) agroforestry systems; evaluation of nutritional/medicinal composition of different plant parts; improvement of processing/transformation of the species’ products; and development of (inter-)national marketing strategy.

The project combines activities of research, capacity building and transfer to bridge the gap between knowledge to successful application of the results by the end users. The work plan is divided into 6 work packages and a documentation and information dissemination work package.
WP 1.
Field characterization of plant material over different agro-ecological zones in the 4 countries and match macroscopic characterisation using ‘traditional’ descriptors with results of molecular fingerprinting;
WP 2.
Eco-physiological characterisation of plant material for understanding drought stress tolerance/resistance in situ and ex situ;
WP 3.
Domestication: determination of optimal germination conditions and maximum germination rates;
WP 4.
Development of improved cropping techniques: pruning, irrigation, fertilisers, etc.;
WP 5.
Characterisation of nutritional and medicinal properties of primary and secondary products; and
WP 6.
Production and marketing chain analysis, including socio-economics and SWOT analysis.

Expected results

1.
Morphological and genotypic characterization, inventory and presentation of genetic resources conserved ex situ in the different countries are completed. Superior germplasm of baobab and tamarind for further eco-physiological characterization and propagation/domestication studies is selected. The main pests/diseases/weeds involved are identified.
2.
Drought tolerance of tamarind and baobab and their photosynthesis and water use efficiency behaviour are understood.
3.
Dormancy breaking mechanisms for both species are known and documented. Participative propagation/multiplication techniques are defined, and used for subsequent sustainable planting.
4.
Improved cultural techniques for cropping baobab and tamarind are developed, and used for subsequent extension and vulgarization. Water needs and water use efficiency of baobab and tamarind are known for different development stages.
5.
Ethnobotanical profiles of baobab/tamarind are documented. Processing methods are known; data on quantitative chemical and nutritional characteristics are available.
6.
The main problems affecting commercialization, marketing and price formation are documented and known; this result is needed to be able to develop sustainable marketing strategies for the different baobab and tamarind (by-)products.
Schlagworte
Biologischer Landbau; Land- und Forstwirtschaft Interdisziplinär; Entwicklungshilfe; Sozialwissenschaften Interdisziplinär; Ethnographie; Ethnologie; Kulturanthropologie; Geisteswissenschaften Interdisziplinär;
DEV-FORUM Partner Project; Ethnobotanik; Forschung für Entwicklung;
Publikationen

Gütler, M. Vogl, C. R., Hartl, A., Van Damme, P., De Caluwé, E. & De Groote, S. (2007): Documentation of folk uses and management of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) and tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) in four West-African countries.. [Poster]

The 48th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany., 4. - 7. Juni, Chicago

Buchmann, C.; Hartl, A.; Vogl C. (2009): Annual Report, DADOBAT Project, Work Package 5-Ethnobotany.

EU Sixth Framework Programme, INCO-DEV, 18

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