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Helene Wolf, a Jewish garden architect from Vienna: her design for the new Jewish cemetery at the Vienna Zentralfriedhof and her contribution to the horticultural hachshara in Vienna

Project Leader
Krippner Ulrike, Project Leader
Type of Research
Basic Research
BOKU Research Units
Institute of Landscape Architecture
Funded by
National Fund Of The Republic Of Austria For Victims Of National Socialism, Dr.-Karl-Renner-Ring 3, 1017 Wien, Austria
The Jewish garden architect Helene Wolf née Pollak etablished a perennial nursery in Weidlingau, in the West of Vienna, in 1921. She later attached a garden design practice to her nursery, which designed several private gardens in and around Vienna in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1928 she was responsible for the design and construction of the new Jewish cemetery at the Vienna Zentralfriedhof.
Later, having been stripped of her firm, Wolf served as a horticultural expert at the Kultusgemeinde and as head of the retraining courses at the Windmühlhöhe nursery and at Hertzka’s school until she received the long-sought-after permit to enter the USA.
Research focus on two points, both investigating Helene Wolf's work for the Vienna Jewish Community: the design for the new Jewish cemetery and her contribution to the horticultural hachshara. The unique results will show the impact of this pioneer woman to Vienna and Jewish culture as well as to garden architecture of the 1920s and 1930s.
Landscape architecture; Horticulture; Austrian history;

Krippner, U (2021): Der Neue Jüdische Friedhof am Wiener Zentralfriedhof 1911 bis 1938/39.

Historische Gärten. Zeitschrift der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Historische Gärten, 27 (1), 43-48; ISSN 2078-8541

Krippner, U; Meder, I (2020): Austria - Palestine: Viennese Women Gardeners and Garden Architects.

In: Alon-Mozes, T; Aue-Ben-David, I; Wolschke-Bulmahn, J. (Eds.), Jewish horticultural schoools and training centers in Germany and their impact on horticulture and landscape architecture in Palestine/Israel. CGL Studies 27, 137-153; AVM, München; ISBN 978-3-95477-092-2

Krippner, U (2019): Die jüdische Wiener Gartenarchitektin Helene Wolf (1899–1975): ihre Arbeiten am Neuen Jüdischen Friedhof des Wiener Zentralfriedhofs und in der gärtnerischen Umschulung .

Finanziert von: Nationalfonds der Republik Österreich für Opfer des Nationalsozialismus , 42

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