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New Approaches for Sustainability & Climate Change research

Project Leader
Hein Thomas, Project Leader
Duration:
01.02.2020-29.02.2020
Programme:
Joint Seminars
Type of Research
Basic Research
Project partners
Montanuniversität Leoben, Franz- Josef- Straße 18, 8700 Leoben, Austria.
Contact person: Thomas Prohaska;
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Staff
BOKU Research Units
Institute for Soil Physics and Rural Water Management
Institute of Applied Geology
Institute of Hydrobiology and Aquatic Ecosystem Management (IHG)
Institute of Mountain Risk Engineering
Institute of Soil Research
Funded by
Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF) , Sensengasse 1, 1090 Wien, Austria
Abstract
Climate change poses great challenges to the integrity of our natural and social systems. Its impact has accelerated especially over the past decade; for instance, the increasing intensity of tropical cyclones is accelerating the erosion rate at local scales. This has had an impact on the natural terrestrial and aquatic systems via processes such as organic matter dynamics and ecosystem metabolism and is subsequently influencing agricultural systems which are highly dependent on them. Understanding processes driving organic matter dynamics will help us better estimate the carbon budget for climate models and potentially for the emerging carbon market. In addition, the variation of the temporal-spatial distribution of precipitation has undermined fertilizer and pesticide performance while food contamination has exacerbated as mycotoxin levels have increased with higher temperatures. Therefore, we urgently not only need fundamental research to update and refine carbon budgeting, but also more applied research to tackle emerging challenges to human welfare.
To this end, the proposed Austria-Taiwan Joint Seminar 2020 will focus on approaches and cutting-edge methodologies that possess great potential for tackling the aforementioned challenges. As a global problem affecting societies worldwide, climate change requires international scientific cooperation in order to understand the nature and scale of its effects. The global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) explicitly recognize the central importance of scientific cooperation in many of the areas affected by a changing climate. The proposed workshop therefore offers a great opportunity for knowledge sharing between experts from Austria and Taiwan, continuing to facilitate interdisciplinary discussions and projects regarding climate change. We have identified the following three common topics according to the expertise of our delegates from the two countries: 1) weathering, soil formation, and erosion processes; 2) water transit history, biogeochemical, and hydrological processes and; 3) safety and sustainability of agricultural systems. So far, approximately 11 Austrian and 13 Taiwanese scientists have agreed to participate in this seminar. Through brainstorming and knowledge sharing, it is expected that practical approaches and future joint projects will be developed.
Keywords
General geology; Erosion; Climate change; Hydrogeology; Water resources; Natural hazards; Environmental research; Limnology; Ecosystem research; Soil science;
extreme events; isotope applications; climate change; ecosystem resilience; matter cycling;
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