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Biosphere Reserve Landscapes and Human Health Benefits: Analysing the potential of the Biosphere Reserve Wienerwald on life quality and psychological well-being

Project Leader
Allex Brigitte, Project Leader
Type of Research
Applied Research
Project partners
Universitätsklinik für Frauenheilkunde, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Arnberger Arne, Sub Projectleader
Eder Renate, Project Staff
Ebenberger Martin, Project Staff (bis 31.10.2015)
BOKU Research Units
Institute for Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning
Funded by
Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Dr. Ignaz- Seipel Platz, 1010 Wien, Austria
Biosphere reserves (BR) provide many ecosystem services to societies, among these are cultural ecosystem services such as recreation and restoration. Biosphere reserves’ valuable natural and historical cultural landscapes may be specifically useful to human health. The Biosphere reserve Wienerwald with its various natural and cultural landscapes may provide such health benefits to the public, particularly for the urban population of Vienna. The question arises which landscapes of the biosphere reserve are specifically effective in providing restorative effects and whether such benefits can be used for sustainable regional development by using the natural capital for new health-related commercial offers. The answering of these questions is urgently needed because the biosphere reserve aims in being a role model for such nature-based health-related offers. Unfortunately, information on restorative effects of different landscape types is missing. In addition, demonstrating health effects of a stay in biosphere landscapes will raise public awareness about the valuable natural capital of the area, which can assist in maintaining such landscapes and supporting the biosphere reserve idea. Findings may support the role for wellbeing for local residents and visitors.

This study explores whether biosphere reserve landscapes have positive effects on human mental/emotional health and whether this effect differs among landscape types. Therefore the project will be a first step in identifying landscapes of the biosphere reserve with a health potential. It provides results and approaches which are useful for other biosphere reserves in using their natural, cultural and human capital for health-related offers. This explorative research project will contribute to restorative and outdoor recreation research and can be seen as an Austrian key project in that field.
Nature conservation (- research); Health sciences; empirical social research; Regional development planning ; Landscape ecology;
Biosphere Reserve Wienerwald; Health Benefits; cultural ecosystem services; restorative effects;

Arnberger, A.; Allex, B.; Eder, R.; Hutter, H.-P.; Wallner, P. (2017): Forests, meadows or vineyards? Results of landscape effects on human health in the Wienerwald Biosphere Reserve.
[125th Anniversary congress IUFRO 2017 - Interconnecting Forests, Science and People, Freiburg, Germany, 18.09.2017 - 22.09.2017]

In: Forstliche Versuchs- und Forschungsanstalt (FVA) Baden-Württemberg , 125th IUFRO Anniversary Congress - Book of Abstracts, 284; ISBN: ISBN 978-3-902762-8

Hutter, H P; Wallner, P; Allex, B; Eder, R; Arnberger, A (2016): Health Spaces: Bedeutung unterschiedlicher Landschaften für Wohlbefinden im Biosphärenpark Wienerwald ., 04/2016, 2-3

Allex, B; Arnberger, A; Eder, R; Hutter, H P; Wallner, P (2016): Endbericht: HealthSpaces - Biosphärenpark-Landschaften und ihre Bedeutung für die Gesundheit: Analyse des Potenzials des Biosphärenparks Wienerwald hinsichtlich Lebensqualität und subjektivem Wohlbefinden.

Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 60

Allex, B; Arnberger, A; Eder, R; Hutter, H-P (2015): „HealthSpaces“: Biosphärenpark‐Landschaften und ihre Bedeutung für die Gesundheit: Analyse des Potenzials des Biosphärenparks Wienerwald hinsichtlich Lebensqualität und subjektivem Wohlbefinden. 2. Zwischenbericht.

Finanziert von: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 18

Eder, Renate, Arnberger, Arne, Köck, Günter (2015): Biosphere reserve landscapes as resources for human health and well-being.
[Forum Alpinum 2014, Darfo Boario Terme, Italy, 17.09.2014 - 19.09.2014]

In: Austrian Academy of Sciences, Alpine Resources: Use, valorisation and management from local to macro-regional scale; ISBN: 978-3-7001-7855-2


Arnberger, A. (2017): Protected areas' landscapes as resources for human health and well-being.

6th Symposium for Research in Protected Areas, Nov. 2-3, Salzburg

Arnberger, A., Eder, R., Allex, B., Hutter, H.-P., Wallner, P. (2016): Grün macht gesund! Die Wirkung von Grünräumen auf den Menschen.

INTERNATIONALER FORSCHUNGSDIALOG GREEN CARE „Gesundheitsfördernde Wirkung von Landschaften und Gärten“ an der Hochschule für Agrar- und Umweltpädagogik , April 1, 2016, Wien

Hutter, H-P; Kundi, M; Eder, R; Allex, B; Arnberger, A; Wallner, P (2016): Ergebnisse der Restorationsforschung im Biosphärenpark Wienerwald. [Poster]

Jahrestagung der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Mikrobiologie und Präventivmedizin, Mai 30 - Juni 02, 2016, Zell am See

Arnberger, A. (2015): Case studies on human health and benefits in biosphere reserves.

EuroMAB 2015, May 19-23, Haapsalu, Estland

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