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Effects of ambient temperature on performance and health traits in dairy cattle when considering husbandry factors

Project Leader
Fürst-Waltl Birgit, Project Leader
Duration:
01.09.2014-30.06.2015
Programme:
StartClim
Type of Research
Applied Research
Project partners
ZuchtData Dienstleistungen GMbH, Dresdnerstr. 89, 1200 Wien, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Staff
Formayer Herbert, Project Staff
BOKU Research Units
Institute of Livestock Sciences (NUWI)
Institute of Meteorology and Climatology
Funded by
Federal Environment Agency Vienna, Spittelauer Lände 5, A-1090 Wien, Austria
Abstract
Prolonged periods of high ambient temperatures, particularly in connection with high humidity, not only affect the farms' production resources but may also have a direct impact on dairy cows. Rising ambient temperatures result in problems with regard to the regulation of the internal body temperature as the cows' ability to dissipate body heat is reduced. In high-yielding cows this is effect is additionally enhanced due to higher metabolic activity. Certain construction and husbandry measures in dairy cattle farms may however alleviate the negative effect of high ambient temperature and humidity. Currently, 168 Austrian dairy farms are analysed with regard to production efficiency (Project Efficient Cow, www.dafne.at, Project No. 100861). By means of detailed questionnaires, e.g. data on feeding or animal health are recorded. Information of an additionally developed questionnaire, including specific construction and husbandry aspects, may be merged with performance data from the central cattle data base. Utilizing data of farms with representative weather records, the effect of ambient temperature on dairy cows' performance and health (and thus on heat stress and welfare) may be analysed considering various husbandry factors.
Keywords
Meteorology; Animal breeding;
Ambient Temperature; health traits; Husbandry; performance traits; Cattle;
Publications

Auer, V., Egger-Danner, C., Formayer, H., Leidinger, D., Ofner-Schroeck, E., Steininger, F., Zentner, E., Zottl, K., Fuerst-Waltl, B. (2016): Ambient temperature and its effect on performance and udder health. [Poster]
[67th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP), Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, 29.08.2016 - 02.09.2016]

In: Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, Book of Abstracts of the 67th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science, 330; ISBN: 978-90-8686-284-9

Auer, V., Egger-Danner, C., Formayer, H., Leidinger, D., Ofner-Schröck, E., Steininger, F., Zentner, E., Zottl, K., Fürst-Waltl, B. (2015): Einflüsse von Außentemperatur auf die Leistung und Gesundheit von Milchkühen unter Berücksichtigung verschiedener Haltungsfaktoren. Endbericht von StartClim2014.C in StartClim2014: Anpassung an den Klimawandel in Österreich - Beiträge zur Umsetzung der österreichischen Anpassungsstrategie.

Finanziert von: BMLFUW, BMWF, ÖBf, Land Oberösterreich, 46 FullText

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