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Machinery induced compaction of agricultural soil and mitigation strategies in the Danube Region

Project Leader
Moitzi Gerhard, Project Leader
Duration:
01.07.2015-01.07.2016
Programme:
Incentive Funds - Research
Type of Research
Applied Research
Project partners
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 21 Prague 6 – Suchdol, Czech Republic.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Trieda Andreja Hlinku 2, 94901 Nitra, Slovakia.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
University of Novi Sad, Serbia.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
University Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Staff
BOKU Research Units
Division of Agricultural Engineering
Funded by
CASEE - The ICA Regional Network for Central and South Eastern Europe, Marcus van Vaernewijckstraat 23, 9030 Mariakerke-Gent, Belgium
Innsbrucker Kommunalbetriebe AG, Salurner Straße 11, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Abstract
Agricultural soils can be affected in their ecological functions (production function, filter function) through usage of agricultural machinery. Soil fertility can be negatively influenced by soil compaction with farm machinery. Soil compaction reduces the pore distribution, air permeability, hydraulic conductivity in the soil and root and plant growth. Resulted effects are yield depression, rut formation, soil erosion and increased draft force and fuel consumption in soil tillage. A sustainable agriculture requires physical soil protection.
This project will bring together agricultural engineering scientists from five CASEE partner universities to analyse the effects of soil compaction and the mitigation strategies. With a software tool the potential compaction risk in dependence of soil and machinery parameters for selected farm machinery are identified. Mitigation strategies are developed, which can be delivered to farmers.
An additional scientific article will be written and presented at the CASEE-conference and published.
Keywords
Cultivation of land; Agricultural engineering;
soil compaction; Danube region; farm machinery; mitigation strategies;
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