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Creation of indicators and tools for measuring the usage effectiveness of State Forests’ tourist infrastructure

Project Leader
Taczanowska Karolina, Project Leader
Type of Research
Applied Research
Czachs Christina, Project Staff
BOKU Research Units
Institute for Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning
Funded by
State Forests National Forest Holding, ul. Grójecka 127, 02-124 Warschau, Poland
Forests play an important role in environmental functions which are crucial for human wellbeing. Recently, also the meaning of social functions of forests is being increasingly acknowledged. The State Forests in Poland allocate significant part of their resources to provide new tourist infrastructure and maintain the existing one.

In order to successfully manage forest areas and to gain realistic view on actual visitation levels and use of touristic objects managed by the State Forests, it is necessary to find reliable and effective tools and methods for visitor data collection and data analysis. From the management perspective definition of indicators and standard tools that could assist management of tourism and recreation in the forests is particularly important.

The objective of the proposed project is to create the list of indicators and to define reliable tools that can be utilized for measuring the usage effectiveness of recreation and tourist infrastructure. The infrastructure to be investigated comprises loging objects (e.g. hunters’ huts, recreational and educational centers) and non-lodging objects (e.g. recreational trails, parking lots).
Nature conservation; Forestry; Leisure research; Social geography;
visitor monitoring; recreation; forestry; tourism research; recreational use indicators;

** Ciesielski, M; Tkaczyk, M; Hycza, T; Taczanowska, K Was it really different? COVID-19-pandemic period in long-term recreation monitoring-A case study from Polish forests.

J OUTDOOR REC TOUR. 2023; 41, 100495 WoS PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_BOKU

Taczanowska, K., Mazur, A., Brandenburg C., Chachs, C., Latosinska, B., Hibner, J., García-Massó X., Pardo, A., Gonzalez, L.M. (2021): Human mobility patterns in outdoor recreational areas based on GPS-tracking data.
[10th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas MMV10 2021, Lillehammer, Norway, 16.08.2021 - 19.08.2021]

In: Aas, Q., Breiby M., Managing outdoor recreation experiences in the Anthropocene – Resources, markets, innovations

Taczanowska, K., Hibner J., Latosińska, B., Czachs, C., Monteiro Neto, L., Kupryjaniuk, M., Muhar, A., Brandenburg C. (2017): Development of indicators and tools for measuring the usage effectiveness of State Forests’ tourist infrastructure - Stage V [Opracowanie miernikow i narzedzi pomiaru efektywnosci wykorzystania obiektow turystycznych Lasow Panstwowych - Etap V].

Finanziert von: State Forests National Forest Holding, Poland, 166 FullText

Taczanowska, K., Latosińska, B., Hibner J., Czachs, C., Monteiro Neto, L., Muhar, A., Brandenburg C. (2017): Creation of Indicators and Tools for Measuring the Usage Effectiveness of State Forests’ Tourist Infrastructure – Final Report (Opracowanie mierników i narzędzi pomiaru efektywności wykorzystania obiektów turystycznych lasów państwowych – sprawozdanie końcowe z realizacji tematu badawczego nr 20/15).

Finanziert von: Finanziert von: State Forests National Forest Holding, Poland, 336

Latosinska, B., Monteiro, L., Czachs, C., Brandenburg, C., Muhar, A., Taczanowska, K. (2016): "Who is WHERE and When Doing What? " – Spatial Dimension of Recreational Use in the Tricity Landscape Park, Polan.
[AGIT - Symposium und EXPO Angewandte Geoinformatik, Salzburg, Austria, 30.06.2016]

In: AGIT Webservice, Online-Poster Gallerie: URL:

Latosińska, B., Christiane Brandenburg, Christina Czachs, Andreas Muhar, Michał Grabowski, Ewelina Sobańska, Anna Pikus, Maria Rothert, Karolina Taczanowska (2016): Social media dynamics affecting differences between online and on -site surveys: First findings from a case study in the Tricity Landscape Park, Poland .
[Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas 2016, Novi Sad, Republic of Serbia, 26.09.2016 - 30.09.2016]

In: Vasiljevic, D. (ed), MMV 8 Abstract Book; ISBN: 978-86-7031-409-2

Taczanowska, K., Latosińska, B., Monteiro, L., Czachs, C., Muhar, A., Brandenburg, C. (2016): Monitoring ruchu rekreacyjnego w Trójmiejskim Parku Krajobrazowym - wstępne wyniki badań 2015/2016.
[Konferencja NOT "Trójmiejskie Lasy – rozmawiajmy o przysz?o?ci", Gdansk, Poland, 09.06.2016]

; ISBN: ISSN: 2300-4347


Taczanowska, K. (2023): Potential of GNSS-tracking in visitor monitoring - experiences from recreational areas in Central Europe.

Interreg Central Europe - HUMANITA Workshop - Monitoring visitors and their impacts on the environment, 29.06.2023, Villach, Austria

Taczanowska, K. (2023): Outdoor Recreation and Tourism Tracking - Exploration, visualization and modeling of spatiotemporal vistor data .

Data Science Seminar "Spatiotemporal Analysis", 25.09.2023, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

Taczanowska K., Latosińska B., Czachs C. , Hibner J., Monteiro L., Muhar A., Brandenburg C. (2017): Visitor monitoring in the Tricity Landscape Park, Poland [Monitoring ruchu rekreacyjnego w lasach Nadleśnictwa Gdańsk].

State Forests, Forest Botanical Garden Marszewo, 12.05.2017, Gdynia

Taczanowska K, Mazur A, Gałązkiewicz S, Sosnowski A, Hibner J, Latosińska B, Czachs C, Monteiro L., Muhar A, Brandenburg C (2017): Monitoring of recreational use in Puszcza Kozienicka - results of the pilot study 2016/2017 [PL: Monitoring użytkowania rekreacyjnego lasów LKP Puszcza Kozienicka - wyniki badań projektu pilotażowego 2016/17].

Summary of research project "Creation of indicators and tools for measuring the usage effectiveness of State Forests’ tourist infrastructure", SEP 26, 2017, Pionki

Taczanowska K, Mazur A, Sobańska E, Gałązkiewicz S, Sosnowski A, Grabowski M, Nowicka E, Latosińska B, Hibner J, Czachs C, Brandenburg C, Muhar A, Pikus A, Rothert M (2017): Overview of visitor monitoring methods used in forest recreational areas - case study of Gdansk Forest Unit and Kozienice Forests [PL: Przegląd metod monitoringu użytkowania rekreacyjnego obszarów leśnych na przykładzie lasów Nadleśnictwa Gdańsk i LKP Puszcza Kozienicka].

Tourism in forest and protected areas [PL: Turystyka w lasach i na obszarach przyrodniczo cennych], SEP 25-27, 2017, Mąchocice Kapitulne - Rogów

Taczanowska, K., Latosinska, B., Czachs, C. (2016): Visitor Monitoring in Forest Recreational Areas - Experiences from Poland and Austria [Monitoring ruchu turystycznego na obszarach lesnych - doswiadczenia z Polski i Austrii].

Spotkanie tematyczne: Monitoring ruchu turystycznego w LKP Puszcza Kozienicka, 04.2016, Pionki

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