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Biomimetic and computer aided approach to high-performance bio-based composites

Subproject of: Austrian Biorefinery Center - Tulln (ABCT) (ABCT)

Project Leader
Müller Ulrich, Project Leader
Duration:
01.01.2018-31.12.2021
Programme:
Land Niederösterreich - Technologie Calls
Type of Research
Basic Research
Project partners
Weitzer Parkett, Wien, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Staff
Pramreiter Maximilian, Project Staff
BOKU Research Units
Institute of Wood Technology and Renewable Materials
Funded by
Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Landhausplatz 1, A-3109 St. Pölten, Austria
Weitzer Parkett, Richard-Strauss-Straße 11, 1230 Wien, Austria
Abstract
The project aims at the investigation of mechanics and composition of wood tissues at several hierarchical levels as well as the optimized shape and internal structure biological structures. In detail the structure and mechanism of branch-stem connection of softwood trees should be investigated. Following a biomimetic approach the potential of wood material should be imitated in composites by using artificial and biological fibres. Understanding of the biological structure, the investigation of new composites and connections and the development of connection to other materials will strongly supported by numerical methods. Hybrid structures and components where wood-based materials are involved demands a interconnection between different elements. Fibre reinforced plastics are thought to be an appropriate solution. By using a biomimetic approach following the biological structure of the optimised fibre alignment it is assumed, that significantly higher strength properties as well desired properties with respect to failure mode and failure behaviour of the hybrid structures can be achieved.
Keywords
Mathematical modelling; Wood research; Polymer engineering; Composites; Materials testing; Wood industry; Renewable resources;
biomimetics; bio-refinery; fibre re-inforced materials ; hybrid structures; modelling; renewable resources; composites;
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