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PAN European thematic network on Cultural Landscapes and their Ecosystems

Project Leader
Muhar Andreas, Project Leader
EESD Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (FP5)
Type of Research
Applied Research
Project partners
Aix-Marseille University, 13007 Marseille, France.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Alterrra Green World Research, Wageningen, Netherlands.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Instituto da Conservacao da Natureza, Portugal.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
University of Bergen: Department of Botanics , Norway.
Contact person: Knut Krzywinski (coordinator);
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
University of Hanover, Institute of Geobotany, Nienburger Strasse 17, 30167 Hannover, Germany.
Contact person: Prof. Dr. Hansjörg Küster;
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
University of Vienna, Insitute of Ecology and Conservation Biology, Althanstraße 14, 1090 Wien, Austria.
Contact person: Univ. Ass. Dr. Thomas Wrbka ;
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Växjö University, 351 95 Växjö, Sweden.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner

Further information:

Schauppenlehner Thomas, Project Staff
BOKU Research Units
Institute for Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning
Funded by
Commission of the European Communities, Rue de la Loi, Brussels, European Union
Most European ecosystems are systems functioning under anthropogenic influence and Europe is composed of a plurality of such ecosystems composing Cultural Landscapes. The Cultural Landscapes with their Ecosystems are main contributors to the European biodiversity and they are a significant part of European heritage and a witness of the past and present relationship between man and his natural and built environments. They highly contribute to European quality of life, being basic for European identity. Europe's landscapes are diverse and rich in natural and cultural dimensions, and their ecosystems comprise a large diversity of habitats and a rich flora and fauna. Over the past decades, there has been a rapid decline in biological and landscape diversity. European Cultural Landscapes and ecosystems are modified, deteriorated and their existence is being threatened by a variety of driving forces, such as large scale demographic and socio-economic changes, Common Agricultural Policies, Trans-European traffic networks, cross-boundary pollution, agricultural, forestry and industrial production techniques, practices with regard to housing, redevelopment, tourism and leisure, as well as differences in landscape related policy and planning mechanisms at the national level. Europe has been the cornerstone in Cultural Landscape research due to a number of very active, devoted but dispersed research groups. With the emerging concepts of biodiversity, global change and natural heritage on the world agenda it has become an urgent task to assemble existing knowledge and develop overall understanding of man as a landscaping factor.
ecological system research; interdisciplinary natural science; interdisciplinary agriculture and forestry; countryside stuardship; Nature conservation (- research) ; landscape planning;

Luick, R., Muhar, A., Wrbka, T., McCracken, D. (2009): Perspektiven der nachhaltigen Entwicklung europäischer Kulturlandschaften.

In: Krzywinski, K., O'Connell, M., Küster, H. (Hg.), Europäische Kulturlandschaften, 67-76; Aschenbeck, Bremen; ISBN 978-3-941624-31-3


Muhar, A. (2005): Agriculture and Conservation: Changes of perceptions and approaches.

PAN Workshop Large-scale Sustainable Development of Cultural Landscapes, 21.-23.4.2005, Baden bei Wien

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