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StartClim2006.B: Risk assessment for the autochthonous occurrence of visceral leishmaniosis in Austria

Project Leader
Gerersdorfer Thomas, BOKU Project Leader
Type of Research
Basic Research
Project partners
Prof. Horst Aspöck, Wien, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Formayer Herbert, Project Staff
BOKU Research Units
Institute of Meteorology and Climatology
Funded by
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit, Stubenring 1, 1011 Wien, Austria
Federal Environment Agency Vienna, Spittelauer Lände 5, A-1090 Wien, Austria
Österreichische Hagelversicherung, Lerchengasse 3-5, 1081 Wien, Austria
MInistry for Health and Women, Vienna, Austria
Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Kultur, Minoritenplatz 5, A-1014 Wien, Austria
Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management , Stubenring 1, A-1012 Wien, Austria
Twelve million people around the world are infected by leishmanias and more than 60.000 die from leishmaniosis every year. The emergence of AIDS around 25 years ago has brought along a supplementary major risk factor for coming down with visceral leishmaniosis. Leishmanias are transmitted by phlebotomines (sandflies), small mammals and in urban areas particularly dogs being important reservoir hosts.
For many years it was believed that within Europe sandflies, and thus also leishmanias, do only occur in the Mediterranean region, however, recently leishmaniosis cases without any stay abroad and with no possibility of non-vector associated transmission were described in Central Europe. Finally, disjunctive occurrences of sandflies were found in Germany, the northeast of France and Belgium. Thus, it is in all probability that sandflies do also occur in Austria. This assumption is further corroborated by the fact that also in Austria two cases of leishmaniosis have been described in which an infection abroad could be excluded.
The aim of the submitted project is to determine those regions in Austria that allow the occurrence of sandflies due to their climatologic realities, in order to assess the risk for the autochthonous occurrence of visceral leishmaniosis in Austria. Moreover, an early indicator profile and a corresponding appropriate action plan on leishmaniosis in Austria will be compiled.
climatology; meteorology;
Climate Change/Health;

Aspöck H., Walochnik J., Gerersdorfer T., Formayer H., (2008): Risikoprofil für das autochtone Auftreten von Leishmaniosen in Österreich.
[10. Österreichischer Klimatag 2008 - Forschung zu Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen in Österreich, Vienna, Austria, 13.03.2008 - 14.03.2008]

In: In: Klimaforschungsinitiative AustroClim, 10. Österreichischer Klimatag „Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen“, 13.-14. März 2008, Wien

Aspöck, H., Walochnik, J., Gerersdorfer, T., Formayer, H. (2007): Risiko-Profil für das autochthone Auftreten von Viszeraler Leishmaniose in Österreich, Endbericht von StartClim2006.B in StartClim2006: Klimawandel und Gesundheit, Tourismus, Energie .


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