Gewählte Publikation:
Klosch, M; Habersack, H.
(2018):
Deriving formulas for an unsteady virtual velocity of bedload tracers
EARTH SURF PROC LAND. 2018; 43(7): 15291541.
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 Abstract:
 In a flume experiment with steady flow conditions, H. A. Einstein recognised the transport of bedload particles as consisting of steps of rolling, sliding, or saltation with intermittent rest periods, and introduced the concept of an average, virtualxxx transport velocity. This virtual velocity then has also been derived from tracer studies in the field by dividing the travelled distance of a tracer by the duration of competent flow. As a consequence, the virtual velocity in the field is represented by one single value only, despite the unsteady flow variables. Tracer measurements in a river have not been yet used to express transport velocity as a direct function of these actual variables, and insights from tracer measurements into the processes of sediment transport remain limited. In particular, the unsteady conditions for bedload in the field have impeded the derivation of sediment transport characteristics as determined from laboratory experiments, as well as the transfer of laboratory insights to a field setting. We introduce a method of data regression for the derivation of an unsteadyxxx virtual velocity from repeated surveys of tracer positions. The regression program called graVel (provided as supplementary material) relates the integral of an excess flow variable term to measured travel distances, yielding the most probable threshold value for entrainment and the coefficient of linear and nonlinear formulas. An extended regression allows additional fitting of the exponent in nonlinear formulas. Application to published tracer data from the Mameyes River, Puerto Rico, shows that the unsteady virtual velocity is more likely governed by nonlinear relations to excess Shields stress, similar to bedload transport, than by relations linking the particle velocity linearly to excess shear velocity. Partial agreements with nondimensional results derived from the larger, nonwadeable Mur River encourage the establishment of a generalised formula for the unsteady virtual velocity. Copyright (c) 2017 John Wiley *** Sons, Ltd.
 Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:

Habersack Helmut

Klösch Mario
 Find related publications in this database (Keywords)

gravelbed river

virtual velocity

bedload transport

bedload tracers

active layer
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