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Gewählte Publikation:

Hofbauer, S; Howes, BD; Flego, N; Pirker, KF; Schaffner, I; Mlynek, G; Djinović-Carugo, K; Furtmüller, PG; Smulevich, G; Obinger, C; .
(2016): From chlorite dismutase towards HemQ - the role of the proximal H-bonding network in haeme binding.
Biosci Rep. 2016; 36(2): FullText FullText_BOKU

Chlorite dismutase (Cld) and HemQ are structurally and phylogenetically closely related haeme enzymes differing fundamentally in their enzymatic properties. Clds are able to convert chlorite into chloride and dioxygen, whereas HemQ is proposed to be involved in the haeme b synthesis of Gram-positive bacteria. A striking difference between these protein families concerns the proximal haeme cavity architecture. The pronounced H-bonding network in Cld, which includes the proximal ligand histidine and fully conserved glutamate and lysine residues, is missing in HemQ. In order to understand the functional consequences of this clearly evident difference, specific hydrogen bonds in Cld from xxxCandidatus Nitrospira defluviixxx (NdCld) were disrupted by mutagenesis. The resulting variants (E210A and K141E) were analysed by a broad set of spectroscopic (UV-vis, EPR and resonance Raman), calorimetric and kinetic methods. It is demonstrated that the haeme cavity architecture in these protein families is very susceptible to modification at the proximal site. The observed consequences of such structural variations include a significant decrease in thermal stability and also affinity between haeme b and the protein, a partial collapse of the distal cavity accompanied by an increased percentage of low-spin state for the E210A variant, lowered enzymatic activity concomitant with higher susceptibility to self-inactivation. The high-spin (HS) ligand fluoride is shown to exhibit a stabilizing effect and partially restore wild-type Cld structure and function. The data are discussed with respect to known structure-function relationships of Clds and the proposed function of HemQ as a coprohaeme decarboxylase in the last step of haeme biosynthesis in Firmicutes and Actinobacteria.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Furtmüller Paul Georg
Hofbauer Stefan
Mlynek Georg
Obinger Christian
Pirker Katharina
Schaffner Irene
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Amino Acid Substitution;Bacteria/enzymology*;Bacteria/genetics;Bacterial Proteins/chemistry*;Bacterial Proteins/genetics;Heme/chemistry*;Hydrogen Bonding;Models, Chemical*;Mutation, Missense;Oxidoreductases/chemistry*;Oxidoreductases/genetics;

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
chlorite dismutase
electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
H-bonding network
haeme binding
resonance Raman spectroscopy

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