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Gewählte Publikation:

Grueneis, H; Penker, M; Hoferl, KM; Schermer, M; Scherhaufer, P.
(2018): Why do we not pick the low-hanging fruit? Governing adaptation to climate change and resilience in Tyrolean mountain agriculture
LAND USE POLICY. 2018; 79: 386-396. FullText FullText_BOKU

Impacts of climate change have become more and more evident and can be observed in ecosystems, societies and economies worldwide. Mountain agriculture is especially vulnerable to climate change, and adaptation seems crucial. Thus, certain adaptation activities, such as installing irrigation technology, switching to drought-resistant crop varieties or shifting planting dates, can already be observed. Despite these efforts, the barriers for climate change adaptation are still manifold and lead to adaptation gaps. One problem is that many approaches ignore non-climatic drivers, such as economic conditions or cultural aspects, which have a strong influence on farmers' decisions. In the literature, the focus is mostly on planned, "top-down" induced adaptations, where climate change is considered the most important driver. Within this study, we focus on local, "bottom-up" adaptation actions in Tyrolean mountain agriculture that may be triggered by climatic as well as by non-climatic drivers. We identify 27 adaptation practices and cluster them into six types of climate change adaptation: 'Resilience-raising products and production', 'Hidden actions by farmer organizations', 'CC motivated agronomic actions', 'CCA scientific knowledge production', 'Risk-driven adaptations' and 'Hidden governmental actions'. These types are helpful to show the broad range of local practices contributing to climate change adaptation. Several adaptation actions from practice are not motivated by climate change and thus are termed "hidden" adaptations, as they do not fit into common adaptation concepts. Hidden climate change adaptation practices, although not considered to date in official CCA policy documents, constitute "low-hanging fruit" for decision makers as they have already proved their feasibility and gained legitimacy by actors on the ground. We argue that additional support for such hidden adaptation practices can help to overcome present adaptation barriers and adaptation gaps.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Penker Marianne
Scherhaufer Patrick

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Climate change adaptation
Mountain agriculture
Local adaptation
Hidden adaptation

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