BOKU - Universität für Bodenkultur Wien - Forschungsinformationssystem

Gewählte Publikation:

Sindelar, C; Gold, T; Reiterer, K; Hauer, C; Habersack, H.
(2020): Experimental Study at the Reservoir Head of Run-of-River Hydropower Plants in Gravel Bed Rivers. Part I: Delta Formation at Operation Level
WATER-SUI. 2020; 12(7), 2035 FullText FullText_BOKU

This study concerns scaled physical model tests of the delta formation process at the head of a run-of-river hydropower plant (RoR). It forms part of a larger research project to provide a scientific base for RoR sediment management strategies in medium-sized gravel bed rivers. The physical model consisted of an idealized river having a width of 20 m, a mean slope of 0.005, a mean flow rate of 22 m(3)/s and a 1-year flood flow of 104 m(3)/s. The model scale was 1:20. For the experiments, five different grain sizes were used, covering a range of 14 to 120 mm at 1:1 scale. Experiments were carried out under mobile-bed conditions at flow rates which correspond to 50%-80% of a 1-year flood HQ(1). Even at the head of the reservoir, which is least influenced by the backwater effect of the RoR, sediment transport practically ceases for sediment fractions >14 mm for a flow rate of 0.7 x HQ(1). The whole sediment load coming from the undisturbed upstream section accumulates at the head of the reservoir. This delta formation is accompanied by a substantial rise in water levels. A spatio-temporal scheme of the delta formation was derived from the experiments. The study proved that the delta formation increases the flood risk at the head of the reservoir. Conversely, reservoir drawdowns at flood events of high probability may be a promising strategy to enhance sediment connectivity under the specified boundary conditions.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Gold Thomas
Habersack Helmut
Hauer Christoph
Reiterer Kevin
Sindelar Christine
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
sediment management strategies
run-of-river hydropower plants
sediment mixtures
delta formation
sediment continuity

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