BOKU - Universität für Bodenkultur Wien - Forschungsinformationssystem

Gewählte Publikation:

Jusner, P; Bausch, F; Schiehser, S; Schwaiger, E; Potthast, A; Rosenau, T.
(2022): Protocol for characterizing the molar mass distribution and oxidized functionality profiles of aged transformer papers by gel permeation chromatography (GPC)
CELLULOSE. 2022; 29(4): 2241-2256. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Oil-immersed paper insulation and paper pressboards for structural support are widely used in electrical power transformers. Cellulose thus fulfills an essential task for the smooth power supply of our societies. However, the prevailing temperatures in such equipment, combined with a targeted service life of several decades, pose a serious challenge to the long-term integrity of cellulosic paper insulation. Therefore, numerous studies have been conducted to obtain kinetic data on the degradation processes that contribute to the thermally induced decomposition of cellulose. These studies usually rely on the assessment of the average degree of polymerization by viscosity measurements. In this work, we applied and optimized more advanced methods for the characterization of cellulosic materials based on gel permeation chromatography for the special case of thermally stressed unbleached Kraft paper samples. This allowed studying the molar mass distributions of paper polymers upon exposure to heat, as well as the investigation of changes in their conformation in solution and the observation of thermally induced cross-linking. In combination with group-selective fluorescence labeling, it was possible to track over time the changes in molar mass-dependent profiles of carbonyl and carboxyl groups of authentic Kraft insulator paper samples under thermal stress. In addition, changes of the hemicellulose composition were quantified. We hope that this analytical approach to the in-depth characterization of thermally stressed insulator paper will prove useful for future studies of this important cellulose product, and that our findings will contribute to a better understanding of the thermal decomposition of paper in general. [GRAPHICS] .
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bausch Florian
Potthast Antje
Rosenau Thomas
Schiehser Sonja
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Cellulose
Kraft paper
Thermal ageing
Accelerated ageing
Molar mass distribution
Gel permeation chromatography
Size exclusion chromatography
Crosslinking


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