BOKU - Universität für Bodenkultur Wien - Forschungsinformationssystem

Gewählte Publikation:

Roetzer, A; Gratz, N; Kovarik, P; Schüller, C.
(2010): Autophagy supports Candida glabrata survival during phagocytosis.
Cell Microbiol. 2010; 12(2):199-216 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida glabrata is confronted with phagocytic cells of the host defence system. Survival of internalized cells is thought to contribute to successful dissemination. We investigated the reaction of engulfed C. glabrata cells using fluorescent protein fusions of the transcription factors CgYap1 and CgMig1 and catalase CgCta1. The expression level and peroxisomal localization of catalase was used to monitor the metabolic and stress status of internalized C. glabrata cells. These reporters revealed that the phagocytosed C. glabrata cells were exposed to transient oxidative stress and starved for carbon source. Cells trapped within macrophages increased their peroxisome numbers indicating a metabolic switch. Prolonged phagocytosis caused a pexophagy-mediated decline in peroxisome numbers. Autophagy, and in particular pexophagy, contributed to survival of C. glabrata during engulfment. Mutants lacking CgATG11 or CgATG17, genes required for pexophagy and non-selective autophagy, respectively, displayed reduced survival rates. Furthermore, both CgAtg11 and CgAtg17 contribute to survival, since the double mutant was highly sensitive to engulfment. Inhibition of peroxisome formation by deletion of CgPEX3 partially restored viability of CgATG11 deletion mutants during engulfment. This suggests that peroxisome formation and maintenance might sequester resources required for optimal survival. Mobilization of intracellular resources via autophagy is an important virulence factor that supports the viability of C. glabrata in the phagosomal compartment of infected innate immune cells.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Schüller Christoph
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Autophagy - genetics
Blotting, Northern -
Blotting, Southern -
Candida glabrata - genetics
Cells, Cultured -
Fungal Proteins - genetics
Mice -
Mice, Inbred C57BL -
Microscopy, Fluorescence -
Phagocytosis - genetics



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