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Gewählte Publikation:

Shin, YJ; Vavra, U; Veit, C; Strasser, R.
(2018): The glycan-dependent ERAD machinery degrades topologically diverse misfolded proteins
PLANT J. 2018; 94(2): 246-259. FullText FullText_BOKU

Many soluble and integral membrane proteins fold in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with the help of chaperones and folding factors. Despite these efforts, protein folding is intrinsically error prone and amino acid changes, alterations in post-translational modifications or cellular stress can cause protein misfolding. Folding-defective non-native proteins are cleared from the ER and typically undergo ER-associated degradation (ERAD). Here, we investigated whether different misfolded glycoproteins require the same set of ERAD factors and are directed to HRD1 complex-mediated degradation in plants. We generated a series of glycoprotein ERAD substrates harboring a misfolded domain from Arabidopsis STRUBBELIG or the BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITVE 1 receptor fused to different membrane anchoring regions. We show that single pass and multispanning ERAD substrates are subjected to glycan-dependent degradation by the HRD1 complex. However, the presence of a powerful ER exit signal in the multispanning ERAD substrates causes competition with ER quality control and targeting of misfolded glycoproteins to the vacuole. Our results demonstrate that the same machinery is used for degradation of topologically different misfolded glycoproteins in the ER of plants.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Shin Yunji
Strasser Richard
Vavra Ulrike
Veit Christiane
BOKU Gendermonitor:

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
endoplasmic reticulum
integral membrane protein
protein folding
quality control

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