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Gewählte Publikation:

Martin, G; Barth, K; Benoit, M; Brock, C; Destruel, M; Dumont, B; Grillot, M; Hubner, S; Magne, MA; Moerman, M; Mosnier, C; Parsons, D; Ronchi, B; Schanz, L; Steinmetz, L; Werne, S; Winckler, C; Primi, R.
(2020): Potential of multi-species livestock farming to improve the sustainability of livestock farms: A review
AGR SYST. 2020; 181, UNSP 102821 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Diversified farming systems are proposed as a major mechanism to address the many sustainability issues of today's agriculture. Mull-species livestock farming, i.e. keeping two or more animal species simultaneously on the same farm, is an option that has received little attention to date. Moreover, most studies of multi-species livestock farming are limited, usually focusing on selected dimensions of farm sustainability and addressing lower organizational levels (i.e. within the farm) and rather limited time horizons (e.g. a few weeks in a grazing season). Thus, a comprehensive assessment of mull-species livestock farming in terms of farm sustainability is lacking. In this context, we outline and discuss potential benefits and limitations of mull-species livestock farming for livestock farm sustainability from existing literature and list issues on mull-species livestock farming requiring further research. We show that mull-species livestock farming has the potential to improve the three dimensions of sustainability reviewed - economic viability for farmers, environmental soundness and social acceptability by being respectful of animals and humans - as long as locally relevant farming practices are implemented, especially an appropriate stocking rate during grazing. If relevant practices are not observed, mull-species livestock farming may produce undesirable effects, such as competition for resource acquisition during grazing, parasitic cross-infection and more intense work peaks. Therefore, we identify four focal research areas for mull-species livestock farming. First, characterizing the management of mull-species livestock farms. To do this, we suggest considering the integration of production enterprises (e.g. cattle and sheep enterprises) within the farm from three perspectives: farming practices (e.g. grazing management), work organization and sales. Second, exploring the complementarily of livestock species on mull-species livestock farms. This is especially true for species combinations that have been largely ignored (e.g. ruminants and monogastrics), even though they may have potential due to complementary diet compositions and resource-acquisition strategies. Third, assessing the sustainability of mull-species livestock farm scenarios (current or alternative) according to the management practices and production conditions, which requires adapting existing methods/models or developing new ones. Fourth, characterizing conditions for success and obstacles for mull-species livestock farming along the value chain from production to consumption, considering stakeholders' objectives, work habits and constraints. Increasing understanding should help prioritize actions and organize them to scale up mull-species livestock farming.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Schanz Lisa
Winckler Christoph
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Agrobiodiversity
Co-grazing
Mixed farming
Multi-species farming
Sustainability


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