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Gewählte Publikation:

Sistani, NR; Desalegn, G; Kaul, HP; Wienkoop, S.
(2020): Seed Metabolism and Pathogen Resistance Enhancement inPisum sativumDuring Colonization of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi: An Integrative Metabolomics-Proteomics Approach
FRONT PLANT SCI. 2020; 11, 872 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Pulses are one of the most important categories of food plants, and Pea (Pisum sativumL.) as a member of pulses is considered a key crop for food and feed and sustainable agriculture. Integrative multi-omics and microsymbiont impact studies on the plant's immune system are important steps toward more productive and tolerant food plants and thus will help to find solutions against food poverty.Didymella pinodesis a main fungal pathogen of pea plants. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) promote plant growth and alleviate various stresses. However, it remained unclear as to how the AMF effect on seed metabolism and how this influences resistance against the pathogen. This study assesses the AMF impacts on yield components and seed quality uponD. pinodesinfection on two differentP. sativumcultivars, susceptible versus tolerant, grown in pots through phenotypic and seed molecular analyses. We found that AMF symbiosis affects the majority of all tested yield components as well as a reduction of disease severity in both cultivars. Seeds of mycorrhizal pea plants showed strong responses of secondary metabolites with nutritional, medicinal, and pharmaceutical attributes, also involved in pathogen response. This is further supported by proteomic data, functionally determining those primary and secondary metabolic pathways, involved in pathogen response and induced upon AMF-colonization. The data also revealed cultivar specific effects of AMF symbiosis that increase understanding of genotype related differences. Additionally, a suite of proteins and secondary metabolites are presented, induced in seeds ofP. sativumupon AMF-colonization and pathogen attack, and possibly involved in induced systemic resistance againstD. pinodes, useful for modern breeding strategies implementing microsymbionts toward increased pathogen resistance.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Desalegn Getinet
Kaul Hans-Peter
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
seed metabolism
Pisum sativum
mycorrhizal colonization
secondary metabolites
plant stress


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