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Gewählte Publikation:

Bogdziewicz, M; Szymkowiak, J; Bonal, R; Hacket-Pain, A; Espelta, JM; Pesendorfer, M; Grewling, L; Kasprzyk, I; Belmonte, J; Kluska, K; De Linares, C; Penuelas, J; Fernandez-Martinez, M.
(2020): What drives phenological synchrony? Warm springs advance and desynchronize flowering in oaks
AGR FOREST METEOROL. 2020; 294, 108140 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Annually variable and synchronous seed production, or masting, is often correlated with environmental factors and in oaks involves differential pollination success that depends on phenological synchrony in flowering. The synchronization of phenology of flowering was thought to be driven by temperature during flowering (microclimatic hypothesis). We tested an alternative, whereby phenological synchronization is driven by the timing of the onset of flowering (photoperiod-sensitivity hypothesis). This hypothesis assumes that flowering synchrony is driven by interaction between daylength and temperature, and individual variation in sensitivity to daylength as a phenological cue. We used long-term (23-26 years) records of airborne pollen in Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. ilex, and Q. humilis. Late pollen seasons were short, as predicted by photoperiod-sensitivity hypothesis. The onset of pollen seasons was delayed as preseason temperatures cooled over the last three decades at our Mediterranean sites, which was paralleled by shortening in pollen seasons, providing additional support for the photoperiod-sensitivity hypothesis. Global warming under the microclimatic hypothesis is predicted to lead to less frequent reproductive failures and thus decreased variability and synchrony of mast seeding. In contrast, warming under the photoperiod-sensitivity hypothesis should advance the onset of and desynchronize flowering, a pattern supported by our data. This pattern suggests that global warming will lead to more frequent vetoes and more stochastic and variable patterns of oak reproduction.
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Pesendorfer Mario
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Flowering onset
Flowering synchrony
Global warming
Microclimatic variation
Phenology
Photoperiod sensitivity
Pollen


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