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Gewählte Publikation:

Bondar-Kunze, E; Kasper, V; Hein, T.
(2021): Responses of periphyton communities to abrupt changes in water temperature and velocity, and the relevance of morphology: A mesocosm approach
SCI TOTAL ENVIRON. 2021; 768, 145200 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Sudden instream releases of water from hydropower plants (hydropeaking [HP]) can cause abrupt temperature variations (thermopeaking [TP]), typically on a daily/sub-daily basis. In alpine rivers, hydropeaking and thermopeaking waves usually overlap, which leads to a multiple stressor of flow velocity pulses and temperature alteration. Periphytic communities could give important insights into the effects of combined thermo- and hydropeaking (THP) in stream ecosystems. Thus, the study's first aim was to assess the combined effects of thermo-hydropeaking on structural (composition. biomass) and functional (photosynthesis, enzyme activity) properties of periphyton. The second aim was to assess the interaction between periphytic algae and the heterotrophic communities (bacteria) and determine how biotic and abiotic factors explain the variability of bacterial enzymatic activities in the periphyton. We assessed the effects of repeated cold and warm thermo-hydropeaking for 24 days on periphyton, by manipulating discharge and temperature in six experimental flumes directly fed by an Alpine stream. Our study revealed that THP had structural and functional effects on periphyton in oligotrophic streams, where the effects depending on the direction of the temperature change (cold/warm) and on the morphological setting (pool/riffle). The results showed that even a short-term increase in flow velocity and temperature decrease could induce better growth conditions for diatoms. Additionally, an increase in the interaction between periphytic algae and bacteria during therrno-hydropeaking was also shown, this coupling being more pronounced in pool than in riffle sections. Our results clearly showed that riffle sections develop less periphytic algal biomass and activity and therefore. THP can reduce biomass availability for primary consumers in large areas of impacted streams. These findings highlight the importance of mitigation measures, focusing on establishing heterogeneous stream bed areas, with frequent pool and riffle sequences. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bondar-Kunze Elisabeth
Hein Thomas
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Multiple stressor
Daily thermo- and hydropeaking
Periphyton composition
Photosynthesis
Extracellular enzyme activities


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