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Gewählte Publikation:

Rechberger, C; Fey, C; Zangerl, C.
(2021): Structural characterisation, internal deformation, and kinematics of an active deep-seated rock slide in a valley glacier retreat area
ENG GEOL. 2021; 286, 106048 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
This study presents a multi-disciplinary approach for combining geological-geomorphological field mapping with different surface deformation monitoring techniques (i.e. extensometer, tachymetry, photogrammetry, airborne laser scanning (ALS), terrestrial laser scanning (TLS), uncrewed aerial vehicle (UAV)) to evaluate the impact of structural features on the formation process and deformation behaviour of the deep-seated Marzellkamm rock compound slide. The investigated rock slide is located in a high-alpine, glacier retreat environment in Northern Tyrol Otztal Alps, Austria) and formed in a well-foliated, fractured metamorphic rock mass. The total volume of the rock slide of approximately 13 Mm(3) was estimated based on geographic information system (GIS) analysis by comparing the surface topography and reconstructed geometry of the basal shear zone. In the upper part of the rock slide, annual mean velocities of up to 0.3 m/year were measured by a combined tachymetric-global navigation satellite system (GNSS) procedure. Based on multi-temporal terrain model analyses, the highest sliding velocities were obtained at the central slope foot area, reaching more than 1 m/year. Geologicalgeomorphological field mapping showed that the rock slide can be subdivided into two large rock slide systems with different geometry, formation age, and current activity. Furthermore, structural and geomorphological features (i.e. main and minor scarps, graben-structures, downhill- and uphill-facing scarps, tensile fractures, trenches), as well as surface deformation data, indicate the formation of six rock slide slabs. These slabs move downwards at different velocities and are separated by discrete shear zones, where slope displacement primarily accumulates. Large offsets along these shear zones indicate that internal slab deformation has only limited influence on the overall rock slide behaviour. At the Marzellkamm rock slide, pre-existing tectonic fault zones and planes were reactivated and used as weakness zones, playing a crucial role in the overall rock slide geometry and internal separation of the rock mass into slabs. Field survey and monitoring data suggest that a fully persistent, curved, non-circular basal shear zone has developed. Based on comprehensive analyses of mapping and deformation monitoring data, a geological-geometrical and kinematical model of the Marzellkamm rock slide was developed, providing a basis for site-specific hazard assessment and numerical modelling.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Fey Christine
Rechberger Christina
Zangerl Christian
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Deep-seated rock slides
Fractured/foliated metamorphic rocks
Deformation monitoring
Rock slide kinematics
Geological structures
Glacier retreat


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