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Gewählte Publikation:

Tiefenbacher, A; Weigelhofer, G; Klik, A; Mabit, L; Santner, J; Wenzel, W; Strauss, P.
(2021): Antecedent soil moisture and rain intensity control pathways and quality of organic carbon exports from arable land
CATENA. 2021; 202, 105297 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Under conditions of climate change, the severity and probability of storm events and droughts are expected to increase, this may affect the partitioning into surface and subsurface runoff. However, there is still a debate on how such extreme weather conditions affect the leaching of soil organic carbon. The aim of this study was to ascertain the impact of rainfall intensity (63 vs 79 mm h(-1)) and antecedent soil moisture (Matric potential: -10 hPa vs -450 hPa) on flow partitioning in the transportation (fluxes and timing) of dissolved (DOC) and particulate organic carbon (POC). Rainfall simulation experiments using undisturbed soil monoliths (1 m x 0.5 m x 0.3 m) allowed to monitor the transport of water, sediments, DOC, and POC via surface and shallow subsurface runoff. In addition, the composition of the leached organic matter was analysed using photometric and fluorometric methods. Most of the organic carbon was transported as POC via surface runoff. In the surface runoff, the influence of antecedent soil moisture on POC loss was larger than rainfall intensity, while rainfall intensity had a greater influence on DOC losses. Under initially unsaturated conditions, surface sealing reduced the infiltration rate, thus fuelling the total surface runoff, which, in turn, enhanced the transported total sediment and POC load of the surface runoff. While POC dominated surface runoff, DOC played a crucial role in the subsurface runoff with higher DOC concentrations under unsaturated conditions. In contrast to other treatments, DOC exported from unsaturated soils rained with high intensity had a unique composition with the highest proportion of humic-like peaks (A, M, C), protein-like peaks (T) and components (C4), suggesting a concentrating effect on DOC at those soils. Altogether, this research acquires new insights into how flow partitioning under extreme weather conditions affects organic carbon losses and which transport mechanism might pose a risk for aquatic systems.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Klik Andreas
Santner Jakob
Tiefenbacher Alexandra
Weigelhofer Gabriele
Wenzel Walter
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Surface runoff
Dissolved organic carbon (DOC)
Particulate organic carbon (POC)
Subsurface runoff
Rainfall simulation
Agricultural soil


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