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Gewählte Publikation:

Glanc, M; Van Gelderen, K; Hoermayer, L; Tan, S; Naramoto, S; Zhang, X; Domjan, D; Vcelarova, L; Hauschild, R; Johnson, A; de Koning, E; van Dop, M; Rademacher, E; Janson, S; Wei, X; Molnar, G; Fendrych, M; De Rybel, B; Offringa, R; Friml, J.
(2021): AGC kinases and MAB4/MEL proteins maintain PIN polarity by limiting lateral diffusion in plant cells
CURR BIOL. 2021; 31(9): 1918-+. FullText FullText_BOKU

Polar subcellular localization of the PIN exporters of the phytohormone auxin is a key determinant of directional, intercellular auxin transport and thus a central topic of both plant cell and developmental biology. Arabidopsis mutants lacking PID, a kinase that phosphorylates PINs, or the MAB4/MEL proteins of unknown molecular function display PIN polarity defects and phenocopy pin mutants, but mechanistic insights into howthese factors convey PIN polarity are missing. Here, by combining protein biochemistry with quantitative live-cell imaging, we demonstrate that PINs, MAB4/MELs, and AGC kinases interact in the same complex at the plasma membrane. MAB4/MELs are recruited to the plasma membrane by the PINs and in concert with the AGC kinases maintain PIN polarity through limiting lateral diffusion-based escape of PINs from the polar domain. The PIN-MAB4/MEL-PID protein complex has self-reinforcing properties thanks to positive feedback between AGC kinase-mediated PIN phosphorylation and MAB4/MEL recruitment. Wethus uncover the molecular mechanism by which AGC kinases and MAB4/MEL proteins regulate PIN localization and plant development.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Molnar Gergely
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