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Gewählte Publikation:

Valiente, N; Jirsa, F; Hein, T; Wanek, W; Prommer, J; Bonin, P; Gomez-Alday, JJ.
(2022): The role of coupled DNRA-Anammox during nitrate removal in a highly saline lake
SCI TOTAL ENVIRON. 2022; 806, 150726 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Nitrate (NO3-) removal from aquatic ecosystems involves several microbially mediated processes, including denitrification, dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA), and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox), controlled by slight changes in environmental gradients. In addition, some of these processes (i.e. denitrification) may involve the production of undesirable compounds such as nitrous oxide (N2O), an important greenhouse gas. Saline lakes are prone to the accumulation of anthropogenic contaminants, making them highly vulnerable environments to NO3- pollution. The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of light and oxygen on the different NO3- removal pathways under highly saline conditions. For this purpose, mesocosm experiments were performed using lacustrine, undisturbed, organic-rich sediments from the Petrola Lake (Spain), a highly saline waterbody subject to anthropogenic NO3- pollution. The revised N-15-isotope pairing technique (N-15-IPT) was used to determine NO3- sink processes. Our results demonstrate for the first time the coexistence of denitrification, DNRA, and anammox processes in a highly saline lake, and how their contribution was determined by environmental conditions (oxygen and light). DNRA, and especially denitrification to N2O, were the dominant nitrogen (N) removal pathways when oxygen and/or light were present (up to 82%). In contrast, anoxia and darkness promoted NO3- reduction by DNRA (52%), combined with N loss by anammox (28%). Our results highlight the role of coupled DNRA-anammox, which has not yet been investigated in lacus-trine sediments. We conclude that anoxia and darkness favored DNRA and anammox processes over denitrifica-tion and therefore to restrict N2O emissions to the atmosphere. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Hein Thomas
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Nitrate attenuation
Denitrification
Anammox
Saline lakes
Nitrous oxide


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