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Gewählte Publikation:

Ortiz, R; Rahman, M; Zangrilli, B; Sygmund, C; Micheelsen, PO; Silow, M; Toscano, MD; Ludwig, R; Gorton, L.
(2017): Engineering of Cellobiose Dehydrogenases for Improved Glucose Sensitivity and Reduced Maltose Affinity
CHEMELECTROCHEM. 2017; 4(4): 846-855. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) is a fungal extracellular flavocytochrome capable of direct electron transfer (DET). Unlike other CDHs, the pH optimum for CDHs from Corynascus thermophilus (CtCDH) and Humicola insolens (HiCDH) is close to the human physiological pH in blood (7.4). These are, therefore, interesting candidates for glucose measurements in human blood and the application in enzymatic fuel cells is, however, limited by their relatively low activity with this substrate. In this work, the substrate specificities of CtCDH and HiCDH have been altered by a single cysteine to tyrosine substitution in the active sites of CtCDH (position 291) and HiCDH (position 285), which resulted in improved kinetic constants with glucose while decreasing the activity with several disaccharides, including maltose. The DET properties of the generated CDH variants were tested in the absence and in the presence of substrates, on graphite electrodes and thiolic self-assembled monolayer (SAM)-modified Au electrodes. Seven different thiols with different spacer lengths were used, containing -COOH, -OH, and -NH2 end groups. The length and head functionality of the thiol govern the efficiency of the DET reaction and indicate different DET properties of CtCDH and HiCDH
Autor/innen der BOKU Wien:
Ludwig Roland
Sygmund Christoph
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
cellobiose dehydrogenase
enzymatic fuel cells
direct electron transfer
glucose sensors
site-directed mutagenesis


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