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Gewählte Publikation:

Steiner, B; Buerstmayr, M; Michel, S; Schweiger, W; Lemmens, M; Buerstmayr, H.
(2017): Breeding strategies and advances in line selection for Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat
TROP PLANT PATHOL. 2017; 42(3): 165-174. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a fungal disease of worldwide importance to small grain cereals that may lead to severe losses in both yield and quality. The development of resistant varieties is the most effective approach for managing the disease. Genetic variation for FHB resistance is large, including xxxexoticxxx and xxxnativexxx wheat germplasm. Methods for selecting improved lines include: 1) phenotypic selection with direct symptom evaluation; 2) marker-assisted selection for well-characterized QTL and 3) genomic selection employing genome-wide prediction models. Breeding programs need to find the optimal deployment of the complementary approaches according to their available facilities, resources and requirements. This review aims to summarize recent advances in FHB resistance breeding, thereby discussing the importance of morphological traits like the extent of retained anthers after flowering, its suitability for indirect selection and the pronounced association of the semi-dwarfing allele Rht-D1b with increased anther retention and FHB severity. Marker-assisted selection is successfully applied to select for large-effect QTL, especially for the most prominent resistance QTL Fhb1 in bread wheat, as well as in durum wheat as recently demonstrated. The resistance locus Fhb1 has been partly elucidated, a pore-forming toxin-like gene confers resistance against fungal spread. Genomic selection for FHB resistance appears promising especially for breeding programs deploying xxxnativexxx resistance sources with many small-effect QTL.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Bürstmayr Hermann
Bürstmayr Maria
Lemmens Marc
Michel Sebastian
Schweiger Wolfgang
Steiner Barbara
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Fusarium head blight
Triticum aestivum
Molecular breeding
Mycotoxin
Resistance breeding.
Selection


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