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Gewählte Publikation:

Karanitsch-Ackerl, S; Holawe, F; Laaha, G; Wimmer, R; Grabner, M.
(2017): Parameter-specific hydroclimatic sensitivity of a low-elevation network of living and historical tree-ring series from north-eastern Austria
DENDROCHRONOLOGIA. 2017; 45: 39-51. FullText FullText_BOKU

Compared to the alpine regions of Austria, the eastern part of the country is overall warmer and drier with some tree species growing at the dry limit within their ecological range. This suggests that tree rings may be a valuable proxy for hydroclimatic variability. In this study, we develop ring-width, earlywood-width and latewood-width chronologies obtained from drought sensitive living trees and historical timber from one of the driest and warmest regions of Austria, the Weinviertel. For this, samples of four different tree species - fir (Abies alba Mill.), spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), oak (Quercus petraea Liebl., Q. robur L., Q. cerris L.), and pine (Pinus sylvestris L., P. nigra Arnold) were collected from 88 sites (23 forest stands and 65 historical constructions). 1589 samples (oak: 592 samples, pine: 577, spruce: 212, fir: 208) were dated. Dendro-provenancing was required to ensure that only regional material has entered the chronologies. According to the analyses, historical pine and oak wood were nearly 100% regional, while spruce and fir wood were imported to a great extent with only 44% spruce and 35% fir confirmed to be regional. Because site conditions of historical wood samples are unknown but can have a significant influence on tree growth, changes to site replication over time were important in the assessment of chronology reliability. We also controlled for potential artificial increases in sample depth when more than one construction element is made from a single trunk. We assessed the pine (1584-2011 AD) and oak (1244-2011 AD) chronologiesxxx potential for reconstructing past hydroclimatic variability by means of response functions in a 17-months window from previous June to current October with climate data from three weather stations (Vienna, Retz, Brno) from 1897 to 2010 AD. The highest seasonal response coefficients are for oak and pine ring width (similar to 0.43) with respect to aggregated March to July precipitation totals and Thornthwaite climatic water balance. These chronologies reveal a high potential for estimating past changes in regional-scale moisture availability during the earlier growing season.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Grabner Michael
Karanitsch-Ackerl Sandra
Laaha Gregor
Wimmer Rupert

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Regional dendroclimatology
Chronology confidence
Drought sensitivity
Latewood chronology

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