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Gewählte Publikation:

Haberl, H; Kastner, T; Schaffartzik, A; Ludwiczek, N; Erb, KH.
(2012): Global effects of national biomass production and consumption: Austria's embodied HANPP related to agricultural biomass in the year 2000
ECOL ECON. 2012; 84: 66-73. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Global trade of biomass-related products is growing exponentially, resulting in increasing xxxteleconnectionsxxx between producing and consuming regions. Sustainable management of the earthxxxs lands requires indicators to monitor these connections across regions and scales. The xxxembodied human appropriation of NPP (eHANPP) allows one to consistently attribute the HANPP resulting from production chains to consumers. HANPP is the sum of land-use induced NPP changes and biomass harvest. We present the first national-level assessment of embodied HANPP related to agriculture based on a calculation using bilateral trade matrices. The dataset allows (1) the tracing of the biomass-based products consumed in Austria in the year 2000 to their countries of origin and quantifying the HANPP caused in production, and (2) the assigning of the national-level HANPP on Austriaxxxs territory to the consumers of the products on the national level. The dataset is constructed along a consistent system boundary between society and ecosystems and can be used to assess Austriaxxxs physical trade balance in terms of eHANPP. Austriaxxxs eHANPP-trade balance is slightly negative (imports are larger than exports); import and export flows are large in relation to national HANPP. Our findings show how the eHANPP approach can be used for quantifying and mapping the teleconnections related to a nationxxxs biomass metabolism. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Erb Karlheinz
Haberl Helmut
Kastner Thomas
Schaffartzik Anke
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Human appropriation of net primary
production (HANPP)
Embodied HANPP (eHANPP)
Trade
Austria
Biomass
Food


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