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Gewählte Publikation:

Paratscha, R; von der Thannen, M; Smutny, R; Lampalzer, T; Strauss, A; Rauch, HP.
(2019): Screening LCA of torrent control structures in Austria
INT J LIFE CYCLE ASS. 2019; 24(1): 129-141. FullText FullText_BOKU

PurposeThe purpose of this article is to find a suitable life cycle assessment (LCA) method to quantify the most important environmental burdens caused by construction processes of torrent control structures. To find these environmental burdens, 17 construction projects of the Austrian Service for Torrent and Avalanche Control (WLV) were analyzed using the cradle to gate with options LCA methodology (CEN, 2013).MethodsThis article explains an LCA methodology for the product stage and the construction process of torrent control structures following existing standards. The iterative approach of LCA methodology (ISO, 2006a) was used to record all important processes of the system and to supplement missing information. The LCA methodology has been developed from existing standards of the construction and product sector. Since the production of some construction materials takes place locally, the generic data, for Austria, was adapted. Wood inherent biogenic carbon and primary energy, used as raw material, are treated as materials inherent properties (CEN, 2014). The contribution of the various processes was reproduced by hotspot.Results and discussionHotspots of the different stages are related to the construction materials used. The emissions and primary energy inputs in the product stage are clearly dominated by concrete and steel. If these two materials are used sparingly, the focus is on machine application and transportation. Depending on the selected scenarios, the smallest share of emissions, in relation to the total result of product and construction stage emitted by transport, is 3% and the maximum share is 69%. The greatest environmental impacts in the construction stage are caused by excavation work and transportation on-site. With an average of 4% in the construction stage, the transport of workers to the construction site cannot be neglected as is done in the building sector.ConclusionsThe conclusion of this study is that existing LCA models can be adapted to protective structures. In contrast to conventional buildings, the construction process and transportation are much more important and cannot be neglected. Shifting the hotspots to these processes requires specific calculation rules for that particular field. There is still a need for research to find a suitable functional unit and to develop a methodology for the use and end of life stage of these structures.
Autor*innen der BOKU Wien:
Paratscha Roman
Rauch Johann Peter
Smutny Roman
Strauss Alfred
Von Der Thannen Magdalena

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Civil engineering
Hotspot analysis
Screening LCA
System boundary
Life cycle engineering
Torrent control structures

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